Microbiology I & II

Term
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The decrease in blood clotting by heparin occurs at which general site of action?
A. Neuromuscular
B. Intracellular
C. Cellular
D. Extracellular
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Terms in this set (82)
Digitalis is a drug used in the treatment of? A. Arrythmias B. Anxiety C. Congestive heart failure D. HypothyroidismC. Congestive heart failureAll of the following are bloodborne pathogens in the healthcare setting except? A. Hepatitis C B. HIV C. Hepatitis B D. Hepatitis AD. Hepatitis AThe most rapid rate of drug absorption is achieved by __________ administration. A. Intravenous B. Intramuscular C. On the skin D. SublingualA. IntravenousAutoclaving will usually destroy/inactivate all fungi, bacteria, viruses, and most bacterial spores but will not necessarily eliminate? A. Prions B. Neurotoxins C. Protozoan cysts D. MycoplasmasA. PrionsThe term "zone of inhibition" is used in which of the following procedures? A. Multiple inhibition test B. Disk-diffusion test C. Growth inhibition test D. Use-dilution testB. Disk-diffusion testThe generic name of a drug refers to its __________ name. A. Chemical B. Trade C. Nonproprietary D. ProprietaryC. NonproprietaryThe discipline addressing issues associated with the choice and application of drugs to be used for disease prevention, treatment, and/or diagnosis is? A. Pharmacotherapeutics B. Toxicology C. Pharmacokinetics D. PharmacyA. PharmacotherapeuticsEbola viruses need to be handled in which of the following biosafety levels? A. BSL4 B. BSL1 C. BSL3 D. BSL2A. BSL-4The technique that combines freezing and drying to preserve microbes and other cells is? A. Lyophilization B. Desiccation C. Radiation D. PasteurizationA. LyophilizationThe destruction of all microorganisms and their endospores is referred to as? A. Disinfection B. Sterilization C. Sanitization D. DegerminationB. SterilizationAn inanimate object or substance capable of transporting pathogens from one medium or individual to another is referred to as a? A. Transporter B. Fomite C. Vector D. TransposonB. FomiteAll of the following are methods for food preservation except? A. Ultrahigh-temperature pasteurization B. Disinfection C. Irradiation D. PasteurizationB. DisinfectionOSHA is a division of the? A. Center for Disease Control and Prevention B. U.S. Department of Labor C. World Health Organization D. National Institutes of HealthB. U.S. Department of LaborWhich of the following should NOT be found in a microbiology lab? A. Eyewash B. Fume Hood C. Your lunch D. BacteriaC. Your lunchDrugs are excreted from the body primarily via the? A. Spleen B. Kidneys C. Small intestines D. LungsB. KidneysIn the correct sequence, the five "I's" in microbiology stand for? A. Inspection, Inoculation, Isolation, and Identification B. Isolation, Inoculation, Inspection, Identification, and Incubation C. Inoculation, Incubation, Isolation, Inspection, and Identification D. Inoculation, Inspection, Identification, Incubation, and IsolationC. Inoculation, Incubation, Isolation, Inspection, and IdentificationAgents associated with human disease but generally not a serious health risk are classified in which of the following risk groups? A. RG-1 B. RG-3 C. RG-2 D. RG-4C. RG-2Which of the following methods is the simplest heat-related method to sterilize metal? A. Incineration B. Direct flaming C. Indirect heating D. AutoclavingB. Direct flamingChlorine belongs to which of the following chemical groups? A. Alcohols B. Halogens C. Phenols D. Heavy metalsB. HalogensDecontamination is defined as the? A. Killing of all microorganisms in a given area. B. Stopping of the growth of microorganisms in a given agents. C. Reduction or removal of unwanted chemical or biological agents. D. Removal of all vegetative organismsC. Reduction or removal of unwanted chemical or biological agentsHeroin is considered a schedule __ drug. A. III B. II C. I D. IVC. IThe cleaning of glassware and tableware in restaurants falls into the category of? A. Sterilization B. Disinfection C. Sanitization D. DegermationC. SanitizationWhich of the following has a higher resistance to environmental stresses than the other? A. Fungal spores B. Enveloped viruses C. Bacterial endospores D. Vegetative bacterial cellsC. Bacterial endosporesWhich of the following is a general-purpose medium? A. Mannitol salt agar B. Tryptic soy agar C. Blood agar D. MacConkey agarB. Tryptic soy agarThe stain used to identify bacteria with a large amount of peptidoglycan in their cell walls in the? A. Methylene blue stain B. Acid-fast stain C. Gram stain D. Negative stainC. Gram stainThe generic name for Advil & Motrin is? A. Ibuprofen B. Phenytoin C. Fexofenadine D. AcetaminophenA. IbuprofenHand-washing guidelines have been established by? A. WHO B. NIAD C. CDC D. OSHAC. CDCBacteria that are red after gram staining are said to be gram-______. A. Negative B. PositiveA. NegativeChemically, agar is a? A. Nucleic acid B. Lipid C. Carbohydrate D. ProteinC. CarbohydrateA mercury-containing compound used as a preservative in vaccines is? A. EDTA B. Codeine C. Thimerosal D. AnalgesicC. ThimerosalPeptidoglycan is typically found in the? A. Endoplasmic reticulum B. Cell wall C. Nucleus D. Plasma membraneB. Cell wallPili are also called? A. Cilia B. Flagella C. Microvilli D. FibriaeD. FimbriaeThe movement of molecules through a membrane from an area of high hydrostatic pressure to an area of lower hydrostatic pressure is? A. Simple diffusion B. Osmosis C. Exocytosis D. FiltrationD. FiltrationChemically, most enzymes are? A. Lipids B. Proteins C. Carbohydrates D. Nucleic acidsB. ProteinsThe anticodons are located in? A. mRNA B. Ribosomes C. tRNA D. rRnaC. tRNAThe actual genetic makeup of an organism is referred to as its? A. Genotype B. Construct C. Conjugation D. PhenotypeA. GenotypeThe amino acid that is also referred to as the "start" codon is? A. Methionine B. Alanine C. Tryptophan D. LeucineA. MethionineRod-shaped bacteria, some of which are endospore forming, are referred to as? A. Bacilli B. Vibrios C. Spirals D. CocciA. BacilliBacterial replication is accomplished primarily by? A. Meiosis B. Cytokinesis C. Binary fission D. MitosisC. Binary fissionBacteria that use oxygen, but only at low concentration, are classified as? A. Obligated aerobes B. Obligate anaerobes C. Aerotolerant anaerobes D. MicroaerophilesD. MicroaerophilesBacteria that use organic compounds as the source of both carbon and energy are referred to as? A. Photoautotrophs B. Chemoautotrophs C. Chemoheterotrophs D. PhotoheterotrophsC. ChemoheterotrophsWhich of the following organism is a common cause of peptic ulcers? A. Helicobacter pylori B. Treponema pallidum C. Escherichia coli D. Vibrio choleraeA. Helicobacter pyloriBacteria that prefer high levels of salt in their growing environment are referred to as? A. Calciphiles B. Halophiles C. Osmophiles D. MesophilesB. HalophilesMethanogens are _____ that grow in anaerobic environments such as swamps?ArchaeaBacterial species whose shape is variable or morphologically indistinct depending on environmental conditions is called ________.PleomorphicViruses can infect? A. All organisms B. Bacteria C. Animals D. PlantsA. All organismsThe suffix -virales is given to the following terms within the taxon? A. Order B. Family C. Genus D. SpeciesA. OrderThe Baltimore classification system places viruses into __________ groups. A. 4 B. 7 C. 9 D. 5B. 7A bacteriophage is a(n) ____________ virus. A. Enveloped B. Icosahedral C. Helical D. ComplexD. ComplexTransmissible spongiform encephalopathies are caused by? A. Virusoids B. Prions C. Orthomyxoviruses D. FlavovirusesB. PrionsWhich virus caused the most current (2020) pandemic?SARS-CoV-2The antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporin are produced by? A. Fungi B. Algae C. Protozoans D. Slime moldsA. FungiThe so-called "red tide" is generally caused by which of the following organisms? A. Pfiesteria B. Bacteria C. Lichens D. DinoflagellatesD. DinoflagellatesBrown algae are commonly referred to as? A. Phaeophyta B. Chlorophyta C. Chrysophyta D. RhodophytaA. PhaeophytaPlasmodium is a type of? A. Slime mold B. Helminth C. Algae D. ProtozoanD. ProtozoanOrganisms that can grow on substances with very low moisture content are? A. Algae B. Fungi C. Helminths D. ProtozoansB. FungiWhich of the following are technically not microorganisms? A. Protozoans B. Helminths C. Viruses D. MoldsB. HelminthsThe study of fungi is called?MycologySlime molds have both fungal and ______ characteristics.AmoebalMessenger RNA is a formed in the process of _______. A. Mutation B. Translation C. Transcription D. ReplicationC. TranscriptionThe smallest units of matter are? A. Atoms B. Molecules C. Compounds D. ProtonsA. AtomsGlucose and fructose area examples of? A. Polysaccharides B. Monosaccharides C. Disaccharides D. LipidsB. MonosaccharidesRNA is specialized for the synthesis of ____.Protein synthesisThe cell organelles found only in algae and plant cells are? A. Chloroplasts B. Mitochondria C. Vacuoles D. VesiclesA. ChloroplastsThe net gain of ATP molecules after the breakdown of one glucose molecule in glycolysis is? A. 1 B. 3 C. 2 D. 4C. 2Binary fission is a form of reproduction used by? A. Bacteria B. Fungi C. Helminths D. VirusesA. BacteriaThe actual genetic makeup of an organism is referred to as its? A. Construct B. Genotype C. Phenotype D. ConjugationB. GenotypeLegionella and Neisseria are examples of? A. Gram-negative aerobic rods and cocci. B. Anaerobic gram-negative cocci. C. Spirochetes D. Facultative anaerobic gram-negative rodsA. Gram-negative aerobic rods and cocciStaphylococci and streptococci are best classified in the group of? A. Gram-negative cocci B. Gram-negative aerobic rods and cocci C. Gram-positive cocci D. Anaerobic gram-negative cocciC. Gram-positive cocciMolds belong to which of the following groups of eukaryotic organisms? A. Algae B. Archaea C. Protozoans D. FungiD. FungiWhich of the following sites of the human body does not have a normal flora? A. Blood B. Vagina C. Intestine D. SkinA. BloodDiatoms, major components of marine phytoplankton, belong to? A. Chrysophyta B. Rhodophyta C. Chlorophyta D. PhaeophytaA. Chrysophyta