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Terms in this set (23)
Where is the library of Alexandria located?
What was term the Greeks used to name the oceans?
Name on island the Oceania navigators settled?
Eratosthenes of Cyrene was know for?
Calculated the circumference of the Earth
Ptolemy was know for?
developed celestial navigation
Who was the last librarian at the library for Alexandria?
When was Hawaii settled?
What two groups invented the compass?
Chinese and Arabs
who was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who invented the chronometer?
Where is longitude zero located?
What was famous about the Fram?
It was intentionally stuck in the ice to float over the North Pole
How did the Library @ Alexandria contribute to development of marine science?
Ancient writings , ans ship entered harbor by law the books were copied original were in the library
What happened to most of the information from the library?
traders used it to benefit themselves
What were stimuli to Polynesian colonization?
Religious warfare, spread from island to island easy accessible island; eventually overpopulation and depletion of resources became problem; they colonized nearly every inhabitable island within triangular, reaching hawii
How were long voyages accomplished?
Dull-hulled sailing ships; new way to storing food, positions of stars, flight of birds direction of land, smell of water,sunrise
Prince Henry the navigator only took two sea voyages yet is regarded as an important figure in the history of oceanography. Why?
established a center at Sagres for the study of marine science and navigation. opened the west coast of Africa, used compass, he knew the Earth was round
What were the main stimuli to European voyages of exploration during the Age of Discovery? Why did it end?
1) encouragement of trade
2) military one-upsmanship
Magellan expedition return to Spain 1522 the end of circumnavigation-then end of first age of European discovery
Did Columbus discover North America? Who did? Were the Chinese involved?
No, Vikings, Amerigo Vest putchi, Marco Polo
What were the contributions of Captain James Cook? Does he deserve to be remembered more an explorer or as a marine scientist?
First marine scientist; Yes because of he observations clear well recorded information
What was the first purely scientific oceanographic expedition, and what were some of its accomplishments?
The expeditions of Cook, Wilkes, the rosses, de Bougainvillea, all the other runner up to HMS Challenger: military scouting, flag waving, trad,scientific research
Who was the probably the first person to undertake the systematic study of the ocean as a full-time occupation? Are his contributions considered important today?
Matthew Murray;yes pattern of surface winds and currents, set the direction for sailing great distances
What famous American is also famous for publishing the first image of an ocean current? What was his motivation for studying currents?