5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Validity Issues
- Continuity vs. Discontinuity with Animals
- Autonomic Nervous System
- Information Processing
- a approach: transformation, storage, and retrieval of environmental inputs through thought and memory.
- b Multiple measures are important b/c no psychological measure is perfect (every measure has a certain amount of error).
O=T+E (observed score=true score+error)
- c theoretical frameworks of normal science; a broad system of theoretical assumptions that scientist use to interpret or make sense of their discipline
- d Do humans share a common psychology with other animals?
- e Conveys information to and from our internal bodily structures that carry out our basic life processes (digestion/respiration).
Sympathetic- emergency "fight or flight" system
Parasympathetic- controls vegetative functions (blood sugar levels, eliminating waste)
5 Multiple choice questions
- We unconsciously decide what is cool, when objects we like or dislike are shown, different areas of the brain light up. Planning movement part of the brain was activated when people saw things that they wanted (reach out for them)
- different brain regions control different aspects of psychological functioning
- seeks to describe phenomena as they exist rather than to manipulate variables (three methods: case study, naturalistic observation, survey research).
- Excitatory: depolarize the membrane (open sodium channels) making an action potential more likely
Inhibitory: hyperpolarize the membrane (open potassium channels) making an action potential less likely.
- Spinal cord has dorsal (back or top side; sending sensory signals) and ventral (belly or bottom side; sending motor signals) roots that carry sensory and motor signals to and from the spinal cord.
5 True/False questions
Biopsychology (behavioral neuroscience) → observe people in other cultures in their natural settings (e.g. they study the way economic realities shape child-rearing practices, which in turn mold personality)
Descriptive Statistics → seeks to describe phenomena as they exist rather than to manipulate variables (three methods: case study, naturalistic observation, survey research).
Case Study → in-depth observation of the behavior of one person or small group of individuals, used in interpretative clinical research and when large numbers of participants are not available.
2 drawbacks: small sample size (limit to generalizability) and susceptibility to researcher bias (researchers tend to see what they expect to see).
Culture → the influence of membership in a larger group (e.g. a nation); culture impacts the psychological functioning of individuals within a society
Social Subdiscipline → Investigates the physical basis of psychological phenomena. (e.g., How are memories stored in the brain?)