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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Structuralism
  2. Normal DIstribution
  3. Tectum
  4. Dopamine (DA)
  5. Scientific Revolution
  1. a "bell curve" unimodal, symmetrical around its central axis
    Negatively skewed: long tail on the left
    Positively skewed: long tail on the right
  2. b used introspection to uncover the basic elements of a periodic table of the mind; also wanted to discover the way the elements combine with one another into ideas
  3. c rejection of the older paradigm along with acceptance of the novel theory
  4. d Roof; controls vision and hearing
  5. e produced in the substantia nigra and released in to the nucleus accumbens (pleasure/reward) or the basal ganglia (voluntary movement;attention)
    Schizophrenia- too much DA
    Parkinson's- not enough DA (treated with L-dopa b/c DA can't be given directly b/c it doesnt cross the blood-brain barrier

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A statistic that provides a numerical summary of the strength and direction of the relationship depicted in a bivariate distribution (if there is some degree of nonlinearity, r will underestimate the true degree of the relationship.)
  2. are the methods/procedures of the study sound or are they flawed?
  3. damage to the vpc interrupts connections to the limbic system and results in mood swings, loss of social inhibition and changes in personality
  4. Stimulation of the membrane opens ion channels in the membrane, causing spreading voltage changes
  5. Built on Darwin's notion of natural selection that human behaviors must be understood in terms of their evolutionary and adaptive significance (mental processes and behaviors evolved because they helped our ancestors survive and rear healthy offspring)

5 True/False questions

  1. Biopsychology (behavioral neuroscience)observe people in other cultures in their natural settings (e.g. they study the way economic realities shape child-rearing practices, which in turn mold personality)


  2. Wilhelm Wundt"father of psychology"; founded 1st psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879; used scientific methods to uncover the elementary units of human consciousness; introspection


  3. Yerkes-Dodson LawContinuous with the spinal cord; all the sensory and motor neurons connecting the brain and spinal cord cross over in the medulla (contralateral). Helps regulate and maintain respiration, circulation, heart rate and blood pressure.
    Reticular Formation: medulla to midbrain, involved in consciousness, alertness, and attention. Connected centers in the pons that control sleep-wake cycle, damage causes comas.


  4. Constructthe influence of membership in a larger group (e.g. a nation); culture impacts the psychological functioning of individuals within a society


  5. Functionalismand early school of thought in psychology influenced by Darwinian theory; argues that consciousness is functional (i.e., it serves a purpose), explained psychological processes in terms of their role or function of helping an individual adapt to the environment