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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Personality Subdiscipline
  2. Natural Selection
  3. Ethology
  4. Cognitive Perspective 2
  5. Ventral
  1. a Natural forces select traits in organisms that will be passed on to their offspring because they are adaptive: they help organisms adjust to and survive in their environment.
  2. b Type of evolutionary psychology; studies animal behavior from a biological and evolutionary perspective (several species of birds emit warning cries to alert their flock about approaching predators and even may band together to attack).
  3. c Examines people's enduring ways of responding in different kinds of situations and the ways individuals differ in how they tend to think, feel, and behave. (e.g., What are the underlying factors of personality?)
  4. d Bottom
  5. e Metaphor: the mind is like a computer, the brain is also a metaphor for the mind: an idea is a network of brain cells that are activated together
    Method: experimental method
    Data: quantitative empirical data (often memory and thought tasks; e.g., recall of word lists, reaction time tasks)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. How much are we different vs. how much are we the same?
  2. share the logic and many features of the experimental method but do not allow a much control over all relevant variables (e.g., studying the effect of divorce on children)
  3. Firing of a neuron. Sodium ions flow into the cell depolarizing the membrane potential to +40mV (not cumulative).
  4. Potassium flowing out of the membrane inhibits the neuron making it less likely to fire (-70mV to -90mV)
  5. variable we want to measure (e.g. intelligence)

5 True/False questions

  1. Rationalismphilosophers searched for answers using only logic and argumentation


  2. Pennebaker StudyFloor; movement and conscious arousal and activation


  3. Adaptive Traitsa term applied to traits that help organisms adjust to their environment


  4. 1. Theoretical FrameworkTheory: a systematic way of organizing and explaining observations (a theory provides framework for generating a hypothesis: proposed cause-and-effect relationship between 2 or more variables.


  5. Validity IssuesMultiple measures are important b/c no psychological measure is perfect (every measure has a certain amount of error).
    O=T+E (observed score=true score+error)