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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Gray v. White Matter
  2. Depolarization
  3. Superior Colliculus
  4. Continuity vs. Discontinuity with Animals
  5. Adaptive Traits
  1. a H-shaped structure in the center is gray-colored and consists of cell bodies. The outer regions are white in appearance (due to myelin that surrounds axons).
  2. b Sodium ions flow in the membrane, which excites the neuron making it more likely to fire.
  3. c Do humans share a common psychology with other animals?
  4. d a term applied to traits that help organisms adjust to their environment
  5. e visual

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. whether or not the test appears, just by looking at it, as though it assesses what it purports to assess (researcher doesn't want face validity b/c participants may change responses; least important type of validity)
  2. Receive information from other neurons
  3. (1922-1996) a philosopher of science, studied the history of science and found some remarkable similarities across disciplines in the way schools of thought come and go and the way knowledge is generated; normal science; paradigms
  4. Back
  5. Continuous with the spinal cord; all the sensory and motor neurons connecting the brain and spinal cord cross over in the medulla (contralateral). Helps regulate and maintain respiration, circulation, heart rate and blood pressure.
    Reticular Formation: medulla to midbrain, involved in consciousness, alertness, and attention. Connected centers in the pons that control sleep-wake cycle, damage causes comas.

5 True/False questions

  1. Temporal SummationCombines graded potentials arriving a short time apart.

          

  2. Nature vs. NurtureTo what extent are psychological processes a function of biological or environmental processes?

          

  3. Cognitive Perspective 2Metaphor: the mind is like a computer, the brain is also a metaphor for the mind: an idea is a network of brain cells that are activated together
    Method: experimental method
    Data: quantitative empirical data (often memory and thought tasks; e.g., recall of word lists, reaction time tasks)

          

  4. Behaviorist PerspectiveMetaphor: the mind is like a computer, the brain is also a metaphor for the mind: an idea is a network of brain cells that are activated together
    Method: experimental method
    Data: quantitative empirical data (often memory and thought tasks; e.g., recall of word lists, reaction time tasks)

          

  5. Information ProcessingFiring of a neuron. Sodium ions flow into the cell depolarizing the membrane potential to +40mV (not cumulative).