5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Mental vs. Physical
- Natural Selection
- Face Validity
- a "relay station"- processes info from each sensory modality, receives info from the cortex, and transmits it to the motor system
- b whether or not the test appears, just by looking at it, as though it assesses what it purports to assess (researcher doesn't want face validity b/c participants may change responses; least important type of validity)
- c Natural forces select traits in organisms that will be passed on to their offspring because they are adaptive: they help organisms adjust to and survive in their environment.
- d Do mental and physical events interact? (mind-body problem)
- e the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior that lies at the intersection of biology and culture
5 Multiple choice questions
- Examines people's enduring ways of responding in different kinds of situations and the ways individuals differ in how they tend to think, feel, and behave. (e.g., What are the underlying factors of personality?)
- researched severed corpus callosum
- Causes ions to move through the membrane to the sides where they are less concentrated
- Built on Darwin's notion of natural selection that human behaviors must be understood in terms of their evolutionary and adaptive significance (mental processes and behaviors evolved because they helped our ancestors survive and rear healthy offspring)
- Found mostly outside the membrane
5 True/False questions
Internal Consistency (inter-item) Reliability → Representative Sampling of the population as a whole so that conclusions that are drawn from the sample are likely to be true of the rest of the population.
Sensory Neurons → Transmit commands away from the brain to the muscles, organs, and glands of the body (efferent). Carry out voluntary and vital bodily functions.
Construct Validity → Does the test content measure a well-defined body of material? (typically used to demonstrate validity for educational achievement and employment tests)
Psychodynamic Key Premises → 1. Behavior is determined by a dynamic interplay between thoughts, feelings, and wishes. 2. Most mental events occur outside of conscious awareness. 3. Mental processes may conflict with one another, resulting in compromises.
Educational Subdiscipline → Examines psychological processes in learning and applies psychological knowledge in educational settings. (e.g., Why do some children have trouble learning to read?)