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41 terms

Esperanto Affixes

List of standard Esperanto prefixes and suffixes.
Relative by marriage, in-law
bopatrino, bofrato
separation, dispersal
disĵeti, dissemi, disdoni
commencement, suddenness
ekdormi, ekbruli, ekflami, ekiri
former, ex-
eksreĝo, eksiĝi (leave office, retire)
filthy, disgusting
fimensa (dirty-minded)
both sexes together
gepatroj, geamikoj
direct opposite
malvarma, malbona, malami
wrong, mis-
remoteness of relationship
return, repetition
relegi, redoni
disparagement, contempt, dislike
domaĉo, infanaĉo (brat), aĉa (rotten, awful)
prolonged, repeated action
naĝado (swimming), sangado (bleeding), kuirado (cooking)
denotes concrete idea
novaĵo (news), glaciaĵo (ice cream), aĉetaĵo (purchase)
member of a group
ŝipano (mariner), klubano (member of club)
collection or group
arbaro (forest), vortaro (dictionary), ŝiparo (fleet)
possibility, capability
aŭdebla (audible), videbla (visible)
denotes quality or state
riĉeco (wealth), amikeco (friendship)
great in size or degree
grandega (enormous), domego (mansion)
place (with verb root)
lernejo (school), naĝejo (swimming pool), ludejo (playground)
denotes an inclination, bias
parolema (talkative), ludema (playful)
which must be done
solvenda problemo (a problem that must be solved)
element of a homogeneous whole
monero (coin), pluvero (rain drop), panero (crumb)
leader, boss, commander
ŝipestro (captain), familiestro (head of household)
diminutive, small
dometo (cottage), dormeti (to nap), ŝtoneto (pebble)
off-spring of living creatures
hundido (puppy), katido (kitten), reĝido (prince)
make, cause to be
blankigi (to bleach), akrigi (to sharpen), klarigi (to clarify)
become, come to be
malsekiĝi (to become wet), malpuriĝi (to become dirty)
object used to perform an action, appliance, tool
tranĉilo (knife), ludilo (toy), fotilo (camera)
denotes female
virino (woman), patrino (mother), edzino (wife)
worthy of, deserving
fidinda (trustworthy), aminda (lovable)
holder of an object, container
kandelingo (candlestick holder)
doctrine, movement
optimismo (optimism), turismo (tourism)
person connected to the root by profession, vocation
instruisto (teacher), maristo (sailor), aferisto (businessman)
denotes multiplications
duobla (twofold), triobla (trifold)
denotes fractions
duono (half), kvarono (quarter), sep okonoj (7/8)
collective numeral
unuope (one at a time), triope (by threes)
container, receptacle, holder (countries also)
Italujo (Italy)
denotes individual
junulo (youth), sanktulo (saint), bonulo (good person)
no definite meaning
malvarmumo (a cold), plenumi (to fulfill)
affectionate ending for men
paĉjo (daddy)
affectionate ending for women
panjo (mummy)