How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

41 terms

Esperanto Affixes

List of standard Esperanto prefixes and suffixes.
STUDY
PLAY
bo-
Relative by marriage, in-law
bopatrino, bofrato
dis-
separation, dispersal
disĵeti, dissemi, disdoni
ek-
commencement, suddenness
ekdormi, ekbruli, ekflami, ekiri
eks-
former, ex-
eksreĝo, eksiĝi (leave office, retire)
fi-
filthy, disgusting
fimensa (dirty-minded)
ge-
both sexes together
gepatroj, geamikoj
mal-
direct opposite
malvarma, malbona, malami
mis-
wrong, mis-
miskompreni
pra-
remoteness of relationship
prahistorio
re-
return, repetition
relegi, redoni
-aĉ-
disparagement, contempt, dislike
domaĉo, infanaĉo (brat), aĉa (rotten, awful)
-ad-
prolonged, repeated action
naĝado (swimming), sangado (bleeding), kuirado (cooking)
-aĵ-
denotes concrete idea
novaĵo (news), glaciaĵo (ice cream), aĉetaĵo (purchase)
-an-
member of a group
ŝipano (mariner), klubano (member of club)
-ar-
collection or group
arbaro (forest), vortaro (dictionary), ŝiparo (fleet)
-ebl-
possibility, capability
aŭdebla (audible), videbla (visible)
-ec-
denotes quality or state
riĉeco (wealth), amikeco (friendship)
-eg-
great in size or degree
grandega (enormous), domego (mansion)
-ej-
place (with verb root)
lernejo (school), naĝejo (swimming pool), ludejo (playground)
-em-
denotes an inclination, bias
parolema (talkative), ludema (playful)
-end-
which must be done
solvenda problemo (a problem that must be solved)
-er-
element of a homogeneous whole
monero (coin), pluvero (rain drop), panero (crumb)
-estr-
leader, boss, commander
ŝipestro (captain), familiestro (head of household)
-et-
diminutive, small
dometo (cottage), dormeti (to nap), ŝtoneto (pebble)
-id-
off-spring of living creatures
hundido (puppy), katido (kitten), reĝido (prince)
-ig-
make, cause to be
blankigi (to bleach), akrigi (to sharpen), klarigi (to clarify)
-iĝi-
become, come to be
malsekiĝi (to become wet), malpuriĝi (to become dirty)
-il-
object used to perform an action, appliance, tool
tranĉilo (knife), ludilo (toy), fotilo (camera)
-in-
denotes female
virino (woman), patrino (mother), edzino (wife)
-ind-
worthy of, deserving
fidinda (trustworthy), aminda (lovable)
-ing-
holder of an object, container
kandelingo (candlestick holder)
-ism-
doctrine, movement
optimismo (optimism), turismo (tourism)
-ist-
person connected to the root by profession, vocation
instruisto (teacher), maristo (sailor), aferisto (businessman)
-obl-
denotes multiplications
duobla (twofold), triobla (trifold)
-on-
denotes fractions
duono (half), kvarono (quarter), sep okonoj (7/8)
-op-
collective numeral
unuope (one at a time), triope (by threes)
-uj-
container, receptacle, holder (countries also)
Italujo (Italy)
-ul-
denotes individual
junulo (youth), sanktulo (saint), bonulo (good person)
-um-
no definite meaning
malvarmumo (a cold), plenumi (to fulfill)
-ĉj-
affectionate ending for men
paĉjo (daddy)
-nj-
affectionate ending for women
panjo (mummy)