30 terms

Respiratory Diagnostic Terms

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Asthma
panting; obstructive pulmonary caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane; characterized by paroxysmal (sudden, periodic) attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough
Atelectasis
collapse of lung tissue (alveoli)
Bronchiectasis
abnormal dialation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer; cancer originating in the bronchi
bronchospasm
constriction of the bronchi caused by spasm (involuntary contraction) of the peribronchial smooth muscle
emphysema
obstructive pulmonary disease characerized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls, resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
cystic fibrosis
inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally viscous (sticky) mucus that obstructs passageways within the body, commonly affecting the lungs and digestive tract; mucus that obstructs the airways lead to infection, inflammation, and damage of lung tissue.
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB), croup
inflammation of the upper airways with swelling; creates a funnel-shaped elongation of tissue causing a distinct "seal bark" cough (two terms)
laryngospasm
spasm of the laryngeal muscles, causing a constriction.
nasal polyposis
presence of numerous polyps in the nose (a polyp is a tumor on a stalk)
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity
empyema, pyothorax
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity (two terms)
hemothorax
accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.
pleuritis, pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura (two terms)
pneumoconiosis
chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts, such as coal, asbestos, or silicone.
pneumonia
inflammation in the lung resulting from infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites or from aspiration of chemicals.
pneumocystis pneumona
pneumonia caused by the pneumocystis carinii organism, a common opportunistic infection in those who are positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
pneumothorax
air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall.
pneumohemothorax
air and blood in the pleural cavity
pneumonitis
inflammation of the lung, often caused by hypersensitivity to chemicals or dusts.
pulmonary embolism
occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot.
pulmonary tuberculosis
disease caused by presence of myobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs; characterized by formation of tubercles, inflammation, and necrotizing caseous lesions (caseous necrosis)
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
sleep apnea
periods of breathing cessation (10 seconds or more) that occur during sleep, often resulting in snoring.
tonsillitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils
upper respiratory infection
infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi.