32 terms

Ch. 10 Mass Media (AP Gov)

Vocabulary terms - Mass Media, Ch. 7

Terms in this set (...)

investigative journalism
use of detective-like reporting to unearth scandals, scams and schemes - puts reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders.
print media
Newspapers and magazines - as compared with broadcast media
broadcast media
Television and radio as compared with print media
Media programming on cable or internet focused on one topic and aimed at a particular audience (MTV, ESPN, C-SPAN)
trial balloons
An intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction
policy agenda
Issues that attract the serious attention of public officials
policy entrepreneurs
People who invest their political "capital" in an issue. Political activists. Use press releases, press conferences, letter writing
watchdog function
Journalist's need to debunk public officials and their policy proposals - crusading against foul play and unfairness in government and society
high tech politics
Politics in which behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political agenda are increasingly shaped by technology
mass media
television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and other means of popular communication
Pew Center for the People and the Press
Center that regularly surveys people on their attitudes toward the media's coverage politics; also measures which news events people follow most closely
media event
events purposely staged for the media that look spontaneous - primarily staged for the purpose of being covered
press conference
meetings of public officials with reporters
yellow journalism
Sensational style of reporting that focused on violence, corruption, wars and gossip - ushered in by Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
Specific locations from which news frequently emanates - ex. Congress, White House, Baghdad
Scandal case in the early 1970's - signaled a new era in the relationship between journalists and politicians.
sound bites
Short video clips of approximately 10-15 seconds - typically all that is shown from a politician's speech
talking head
Shot of a person's face talking directly to the camera
Releasing a story early to the media (on purpose) as if by accident
Newspapers published by massive media conglomerates - often control broadcast media as well.
Slanting the news in favor of one point of view or political ideology
language, nudity subject to fines, revocation of license
right of rebuttal
individuals must be given the opportunity to respond to personal attacks (assuming they were not of normal news coverage)
equal time rule
If station sells time to one candidate it must be willing to sell time to opposing candidate
Fairness Doctrine
broadcasters who air controversial issues must give time to the opposing side (stopped being enforced in 1985)
prior restraint
government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast
Near v. Minnesota
the 1931 Supreme Court decision holding that the first amendment protects newspapers from prior restraint.
New York Times v. United States
If the government wishes to censor information before it is printed or published, it must be proven in court that the information will endanger national security.
New York Times v. Sullivan
The Supreme Court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure
"on the record"
the person is quoted by name
"off the record"
what the person said cannot be quoted
Federal Communications Commission
independent government agency that regulates interstate and international communications (radio, television, wire, cable and satellite)