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APHG Unit 5- Agriculture Land Use and Resources
Terms in this set (54)
the pattern formed by the many separate adjustments that people devise in order to obtain and use resources and solve immediate problems
people or societies that are farmers and therefore promote agricultural interest
the land that is used to farm on and what is chosen to put on the fields
Agricultural Location Model
four generalized types of economic and agricultural activities, categorized according to relative economic yield per unit area and perishability or difficulty of delivering products to market
through time nomadic people noticed the growing of plants in a cycle and began to domesticate them and use for there own use
domestication of animals for selling or using byproducts
the cultivation of aquatic organisms especially for food
the rapid transformation, or evolution, into post-humanism
a set of biological techniques developed through basic research and now applied to research and product development
the farm, its buildings, and its machinery may be owned communally by the group, by an institution, or, as in communist countries, by the state
an agreement between an organization, typically a nongovernmental organization (NGO), and a developing country that has forest resources
the transmission of ideas or materials from culture to culture, or from one area to another
defined cultural landscape, as an area fashioned from nature by a cultural group
3 areas in and near the first agricultual hearth,the Fertile Crescent, gave rise to the three language families: 1)Indo-European 2)North African and Arabian 3)Present-dy Iran (Colin Renfrew)
through the deliberate manipulation of natural processes - the dynamics, composition or structure of the Earth, including its biota, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, or of outer space
is self-sufficiency farming in which farmers grow only enough food to feed their families.
Industry that involves mining, such as to obtain copper or other valuable minerals found in the.
is a term describing times of agricultural recession, low crop prices and low farm incomes that can lead to farm bankruptcy
is a type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used in factory farming for finishing livestock, notably beef cattle
First Agriculture Revolution
the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture and settlement
are representations of the predator-prey relationships between species within an ecosystem or habitat
is the art and science of managing forests, tree plantations, and related natural resources
small farms will be replaced by large farms, which in turn will be controlled by giant multinational corporations
period of each year when native plants and ornamental plants grow
Hunting and Gathering
subsistence method based on edible plants and animals from the wild
turning up land between rows of crop plants
growing of vegetables or flowers for market
A carbonaceous fuel mined or stripped from the earth, such as petroleum, coal, peat, shale oil
the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an ore body
an economic system in which the state directs the economy
genetic modification of a plant such that its reproductive success depends on human intervention
resources that can regenerate as they are exploited/resources that can not be regenerated
which relates to the country, as rural servitudes
Second Agriculture Revolution
took place which increased efficiency of production as well as distribution which allowed more people to move to the cities as the industrial revolution got under way
the separation of tasks within a system
a type of edible grain, usually wheat or corn, on which a group of people are dependent
commercial grain agriculture, a farm on which no one lives; planting and harvesting is done by hired migratory crews
Survey of major patterns of physical features, culture, and human-land relations
Third Agriculture Revolution
for the first time farmers using substantial inputs purchased off their farms, in the form of fertilizers for their land and artificial feedstuffs for their animals
Tragedy of the Commons
a dilemma arising from the situation in which multiple individuals, acting independently and rationally consulting their own self-interest, will deplete a shared limited resource even when it is clear that it is not in anyone's interest for this to happen
The larger the world population grows, the more innovations are made to make feeding the expanding population possible.
the business of operating a farm.
the sport or business of catching fish
Johann Von Thunen
The city is located centrally within an "Isolated State."
The Isolated State is surrounded by wilderness.
The land is completely flat and has no rivers or mountains.
Soil quality and climate are consistent.
Farmers in the Isolated State transport their own goods to market via oxcart, across land, directly to the central city. There are no roads.
Farmers behave rationally to maximize profits.
agriculture, mining and other natural resource industries
manufacturing, engineering and construction
intellectual activities involving education and research/reserved for high level decision makers in government and industry
who depend on domesticated livestock, migrate in an established territory to find pasturage for their animals
reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds, which result from sexual fertilization
meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
deliberate killing of place through urban and industrial expansion so that it's earlier landscape and character are destroyed
reproduction of plants by direct cloning of existing plants
Central Place Theory; theory was the foundation of the study of cities as systems of cities, rather than simple hierarchies or single entities.
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