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Definitions for Chapter 3

Differential Fertility

Differences in the average number of children born to a woman by social category.

Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to each woman.

Modern Demographic Transition

A three-stage pattern of population change occurring as societies industrialize and urbanize, resulting ultimately in a low and stable population growth rate.

Absolute Poverty

A condition of life so degraded by disease, illiteracy, malnutrition, and squalor as to deny it's victims the basic necessities. Statistically, those making less than a $1 a day are in this category.

Life Chances

The chance's throughout one's life cycle to live and experience the good things in life.


A worldwide epidemic.

New Slavery

The new slavery differs from traditional slavery in that it is, for the most part, not a life long condition and sometimes individuals and families become slaves by choice-a choice forced by extreme poverty.


A territiory controlled by a powerful country that exploits the land and the people for its own benefit.

Transitional Corporation

A profit-oriented company engaged in business activities in more than one nation.

Corporate Dumping

The exporting of goods that have either been banned or not approved for sale in the U.S. because they are dangerous.

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