MEAP Vocab

MEAP Vocabulary terms
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Adaptation
A characteristic that enables a living thing to survive, inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance of survival
Attraction
the force by which one object attracts another
Characteristics
distinguishing traits, qualities, or properties
Camouflage
to hide by blending in with surroundings
Condensation
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
Conductor
A material that lets electrical charges or other forms of energy flow through it
Consumer
organisms that obtain food by eating other organisms
Decomposer
organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organic matter.
Dissolve
to form a solution with another material
Endangered
in danger of becoming extinct
Environment
the area in which something exists or lives
Erosion
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
Evaporation
the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
Evidence
that which tends to prove or disprove something; ground for belief; proof. Use of the 5 senses
Extinct
no longer existing or living
Filtration
The process of passing water through a series of screens that allow the water through, but not larger solid particles.
Fossil
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age and that has been excavated from the soil
Freezing
the change in state from a liquid to a solid
Friction
a force that opposes or resist motion between two surfaces that are in contact
Fruit
the part of a plant that contains a seed or seeds
Flower
a blossom of a plant that produces pollen and seeds
Food Chain
series of steps in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten
Food Web
a diagram that shows the feeding relationships between organisms in an ecosystem
Force
A push or pull exerted by one object or another
Funnel
cone-shaped tool that helps you to pour liquids or fine powders into a narrow opening without spilling
Gravity
the force that pulls objects toward each other
Habitat
the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
Inclined Plane
a simple machine consisting of a flat surface with one end higher than the other
Insulator
a material that does not allow heat or electrons to move through it easily
Larva
The immature form of an animal that looks very different from the adult
Leaves
the part of the plant that makes the food
Lever
a bar that is free to pivot or turn around a fixed point
Life Cycle
all the stages of an organism's life
Liter
basic unit of liquid volume
Magnetic
having the property of attracting iron and certain other materials by virtue of a surrounding field of force
Melt
the process whereby heat changes something from a solid to a liquid
Meter
basic unit of length in the metric system
Milliliter
a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
Mixture
material composed of two or more elements or compounds that are physically mixed together but not chemically combined
Millimeter
a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
Opinion
a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
Orbit
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space.
Poles
two ends of a magnet
Potholes
deep holes in the surface of a street or road caused by weathering
Precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
Predator
an animal that hunts other animals for food
Predict
To say what will happen in the future, often using reasoning or experience.
Prey
animal hunted or caught for food
Prism
A piece of glass that seperates white light into colors of the spectrum.
Producer
an organism that makes its own food
Pulley
a simple machine consisting of a grooved wheel that holds a rope or a cable
Pupa
stage of complete metamorphosis in which an insect changes from larva to adult
Rain Gauge
an instrument for measuring the amount of precipitation
Recycle
to reprocess resources to be used again
Reduce
To make less or smaller in quantity
Repel
to push away
Revolve
to travel in a closed path around an object such as Earth does as it moves around the sun
Root
underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals
Rotate
cause to turn on an axis or center, causes day and night
Screw
an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder
Seperation
seperating or dividing substances
Sieve
separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements
Solar Still
a device for using the suns energy to purify water by means of evaporation and condensation
Solution
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of the substances are evenly distributed
Star
a huge ball of very hot gases in space
Stem
supporting structure that connects roots and leaves and carries water and nutrients between them
Sunlight
main energy source for life on Earth
Vibrate
to move quickly back and forth, producing sound
Water Vapor
water in the form of gas
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
Wedge
simple machine that is an inclined plane with one or two sloping sides
Wheel & Axle
a simple machine that has a center rod attached to a wheel
Weather Vane
an instrument used to measure the direction of the wind
Wind Sock
shows the direction that the wind is blowing and the speed.