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299 terms

medical terinology

questions and answers
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False
When joining two word roots, a combining vowel is not required.
neur/o
Which combining form means nerve
True
A colostomy is the surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface.
False
A lesion is a torn, ragged wound.
neuritis
Which term means inflammation of a nerve?
ot/o
In the term otorhinolaryngology, which word part means ear?
false
The suffix -gram means the process of recording a picture or record.
myopathy
A pathologic change of muscle tissue is _____. (my/o means muscle.)
myelopathy
Which term means any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord or bone marrow?
False
Mycosis means any disease of the spinal cord.
colitis
Inflammation of the colon is known as _____. (col/o means colon.)
-algia
pain
hyper-
excessive
hypo-
deficient
-megaly
abnormal enlargement
-osis
abnormal condition
True
The suffix -otomy means cutting into or a surgical incision
False
A syndrome can be observed only by the patient and not by others.
gastroenteritis
The term meaning inflammation of the stomach and small intestine is _____. (gastr/o means stomach and enter/o means small intestine.)
gastralgia
Which term means pain in the stomach?
myorrhexis
Which term means the rupture of a muscle?
appendectomy
surgical removal of the appendix
arthralgia
joint pain
erythrocytes
red blood cells
prenatal
before birth
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
True
Pyrosis is also known as heartburn
virile
The term meaning possessing masculine traits is _____.
True
A prefix usually, but not always, indicates location, time, or number.
true
The plural of appendix is appendices.
hemmorrhage
The medical term meaning excessive bleeding is _____.
False
A combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a vowel.
suturing
Which term means the act of closing a wound or incision by stitching or a similar means?
suffix
In the term pericardiectomy, the word part ectomy is a ____.
-necrosis
tissue death
-sclerosis
abnormal hardening
-scopy
visual examination
-stenosis
abnormal narrowing
supra-
above
False
Prostate means to collapse.
True
A sign, such as fever, is evidence of disease that can be observed by the patient and others.
arthr/o
Which combining form means joint?
laceration
Which term describes a torn, ragged wound?
True
The term interstitial means between, but not within, the parts of a tissue.
hepatomegaly
Abnormal enlargement of the liver is known as _____. (hepat/o means liver.)
otitis
The term for inflammation of the middle ear is _____ media. (ot/o means ear.)
myotomy
A surgical incision into a muscle is a/an _____. (my/o means muscle.)
Record
-gram
process of recording
-graphy
inflammation
-itis
abnormal softening
-malacia
Below
sub-
arteriosclerosis
The term meaning abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries is _____. (arteri/o means artery.)
hypertension
The term meaning higher than normal blood pressure is _____.
arthralgia
Inflammation of a joint is known as _____. (arthr/o means joint.)
pertaining to the heart
cardiac
swelling
edema
abnormal stomach condition
gastrosis
above the ribs
supracostal
signs and symptoms that occur together
syndrome
osteonecrosis
The death of bone tissue is known as _____. (oste/o means bone.)
tonsillectomy
Surgical removal of the tonsils is known as a/an ______. (tonsill/o means tonsils.)
palpitation
The term meaning a pounding or racing heart is _____.
-rrhaphy
Which suffix means to suture or stitch?
gastrostomy
A surgical incision into the stomach is a/an _____. (gastr/o means stomach.)
prostate
In the male, the urethra is surrounded by the _____ gland
arterionecrosis
Which term means the tissue death of an artery or arteries?
eponym
When a disease is named for the person who first discovered it, it is known as a/an _____.
-ostomy
Which suffix means a surgical creation of an artificial opening?
cystoscopy
The term meaning visual examination of the bladder is _____. (cyst/o means bladder.)
inter-
Which prefix means between or among?
myoplasty
The surgical repair of a muscle is known as _____. (my/o means muscle is.)
colotomy
A surgical incision into the colon is a/an _____. (col/o means colon.)
leuk/o
Which combining form means white?
gerontologist
A specialist in disorders and problems associated with aging is known as a/an _____.
-stenosis
Which suffix requires the use of the combining vowel?
rhinoplasty
The medical term meaning the surgical repair of the nose is _____. (rhin/o means nose.)
bleeding from the liver
Based on its word parts, term hepatorrhagia means
True
The term phlegm begins with an "F" sound.
addiction
A strong dependence on a drug or substance is a/an _____.
triage
The screening of patients to determine their priority of need for medical treatment is called _____.
ilium
Which term means part of the hipbone
appendectomy
Which is the correct spelling of the term meaning the surgical removal of the appendix?
False
Euthyroid means a hyperactive thyroid gland.
True
Pain is a symptom that can only be observed by the patient.
eneoscopy
The visual examination of the interior of a body cavity with an endoscope is known as _____.
True
Diagnosis is the process of identifying a disease.
Rupture of the heart.
What does the term cardiorrhexis mean?
True
Mucus is the substance secreted by the mucous membranes.
myc/o
Which combining form means fungus?
True
Dysfunctional means a body part that is not working properly.
pyr
Which word root means fever?
erythrocytes
Which term means red blood cells?
False
An inflammation is the invasion of the body by a disease-causing organism.
False
An atheroma is a fatty deposit within a joint
True
Suppuration is the formation or discharging of pus.
True
Swelling is a sign of inflammation
-ologist
Which suffix means a specialist?
perinatal
Which term describes the time and events surrounding birth?
False
Myelitis is a muscle inflammation caused by a fungus.
down
The genetic disorder characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation is known as _____ syndrome.
False
Phenylketonuria is a congential disorder in which an essential enzyme is missing.
True
The mesentery is a layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine within the abdominal cavity.
autopsy
postmortem (after death) examination is known as a/an _____.
orchid/o
Which combining form means testicles?
False
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is found only in gametes.
epidemiology
Which term means the study of the outbreak of disease within a population group?
lateral
Which term means toward the side?
True
Iliac refers to the hipbone.
endothelium
Which type of tissue forms the lining of the internal organs?
abdominal cavity
Protects the major organs of digestion
cranial cavity
Protects the brain
pelvic cavity
Protects reproductive and excretory system organs
spinal cavity
Protects the spinal cord
thoracic cavity
Protects the heart and the lungs
adenosclerosis
Abnormal hardening of a gland is known as _____.
True
The sex cells (sperm and ovum) are also known as gametes.
False
A sagittal plane is any plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions.
caudal
Which term means toward the lower part of the body?
adenitis
Inflammation of a gland
adenoma
A benign tumor from recognizable glandular structures
adenomalacia
Abnormal softening of a gland
adenosclerosis
Abnormal hardening of a gland
adenosis
Any disease condition of a gland
peritonitis
The term meaning an inflammation of the peritoneum is _____.
pelvic
The body cavity containing the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems is known as the _____ cavity.
true
Genetic mutation describes changes that take place within genes
dermatologist
A specialist in disorders of the skin is a/an _____. (dermat/o means skin.)
posterior
The opposite of anterior is ____.
false
Sickle cell anemia and sickle cell trait are two names for the same disease.
skeletal
The ____ system supports and shapes the body.
Huntington's disease
Which hereditary disorder causes the irreversible and progressive loss of muscle control and mental ability?
iliac
Pain in the lower right abdominal area is described as being in the right _____ region.
standing up so the body is erect
Which is characteristic of the anatomic position?
hepatitis B
Which disease is spread by bloodborne transmission?
endemic
Which term means the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area?
encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain is known as _____. (encephal/o means brain.)
True
Caudal means toward the lower part of the body.
coronal plane
Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions?
The combining form hepat/o means _____.

The combining form hepat/o means _____.

liver
The combining form hepat/o means _____.
True
Ascites is an abnormal accumulation of clear or milky serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
dorsal
Which body cavity protects the spinal column?
true
Stem cells are cells with the ability to divide without limit and to give rise to specialized cells.
chromosomes
All cells except the gametes have a nucleus that contains 46 ____ arranged into pairs.
adenectomy
The surgical removal of a gland is known as a/an ______.
False
The term retroperitoneal means located within the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.
endocrine
Hormones are secreted by ____ glands
homeostasis
The term meaning to maintain a constant internal environment is _____.
nosocomial
Which condition is a hospital-acquired infection?
anatomy
Which term means the study of the structures of the body?
anormaly
Any deviation from normal that is present at birth is known as a congenital _____.
True
Lumbar refers to the inward curve of the spine.
cytoplasm
Which of these structures is not found in the nucleus of a cell?
True
Hemophilia is a group of hereditary bleeding disorders.
True
Ventral refers to the front or belly side of the body or organ.
epigastric
Which term refers to the upper region that includes the stomach and heart?
adipose
The tissue that provides protective padding, insulation, and support and is a nutrient reserve is known as _____ tissue.
False
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder of the endocrine glands.
histology
The term the study of tissues is _____.
exocrine
Glands that secrete hormones into ducts are known as _____ glands.
connective
Which type of tissue is fat (adipose tissue)?
True
Visceral means relating to the internal organs.
pancreas
The combining form pancreat/o means _____.
muscle tissue
Which type of tissue has the specialized ability to contract and relax?
False
Cephalic means toward the feet
histology
Which term means the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues?
anaplasia
A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
aplasia
Lack of development of an organ or tissue
dysplasia
abnormal development or growth,especially of cells
hyperplasia
abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement
hypoplasia
incomplete development of an organ or tissue
laryngectomy
The surgical removal of the larynx is known as a/an _____. (laryng/o means larynx.)
homeostasis
Which is the correct spelling of the term that means maintaining a constant internal environment?
False
Adenomalacia is the abnormal hardening of a gland
False
Hypochondriac means above the ribs
adenoma
Which condition is a benign tumor formed from glandular tissue?
genes
The functional units of heredity are known as _____.
superior
A structure located above the transverse plane is said to be ____.
genetics
The study of the role of genes in health and disease is known as _____.
true
Chromosomes are organized as long coiled molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid.
true
Somatic cell mutation cannot be transmitted to the offspring.
urinary
The ____ system filters blood to remove waste.
infectious
Which type of disease is caused by a pathogenic organism?
communicable
Any disease transmitted from one person to another
functional
A disorder with no detectable physical changes to explain the symptoms
idiopathic
An illness without known cause
infectious
An illness caused by a pathogenic organism
organic
A disorder with pathological physical changes that explain the symptoms
laparoscopy
The visual examination of the interior of the abdomen is known as _____.
False
Quadrant means divided into five
False
The combining form cyt/o means cold.
dysplasia
Which condition is abnormal development or growth, especially of cells?
mesentery
Layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine within the abdominal cavity
parietal peritoneum
Outer layer of membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
peritoneum
Membrane that protects and supports organs in the abdominal cavity
retroperitoneal
Located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
visceral peritoneum
Inner layer of membrane that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity
hyperplasia
An abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in a tissue is known as _____.
False
Anatomy means any deviation from what is regarded as normal.
cerebral palsy
Which of the following is a congenital disorder?
patella
Which bone is also known as the kneecap?
exostosis
A benign growth on the surface of a bone is known as a/an _____.
False
The sternum is also known as the collarbone
arthrocentesis
The term meaning a surgical puncture of the joint space to remove synovial fluid for analysis is _____.
osteoclasis
The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity is known as ______
manipulation
Which procedure is an attempt to return the affected bone to its normal alignment by manually applied forces?
spina bifida
A congenital defect in which the spine fails to close around the spinal cord
spondylitis
Inflammation of the vertebrae
lumbago
Pain of the lumbar region
spondylosis
Degenerative condition of the vertebrae
herniated disk
Rupture of the intervertebral disk that causes pressure on spinal nerve roots
osteorrhaphy
Which procedure is the suturing or wiring together of bones?
True
The surgical removal of a bursa is a bursectomy
laminectomy
The surgical removal of a spinal lamina is known as a/an _____.
False
A tendon connects one bone to another.
osteoporosis
A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity is known as _____.
valgus
Commonly known as a bunion, the medical term for this condition is hallux _____.
comminuted fracture
Which term describes a fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed?
True
An osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor.
hallux valgus
Which condition is commonly known as a bunion?
False
Talipes is caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiencies in early childhood.
arthroscopy
Examination and treatment through an arthroscope is known as _____.
arthrodesis
The surgical procedure to stiffen a joint or to join spinal vertebrae is known as fusion, surgical ankylosis or _____.
bone scan
Which diagnostic technique is used to detect cancer and osteomyelitis?
transverse
A fracture is straight across the bone
compression
A fracture that occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself
stress
A small crack fracture that occurs after chronic, excessive impact
oblique
A fracture is at an angle across the bone
spiral
A fracture in which the bone is twisted apart
Paget's disease
Which condition is characterized by extensive bone destruction followed by abnormal bone repair?
True
Spondylolisthesis is the forward movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebra on the vertebra below it or on the sacrum.
scapula
Which bone is also known as the shoulder blade?
craniotomy
A surgical incision into the cranium is a/an _____.
True
The phalanges are the bones of the fingers
hemopoietic
The term meaning pertaining to the formation of blood cells is _____.
The medical term for the condition commonly known as low back pain is _____.
lumbago
The medical term for the condition commonly known as low back pain is _____.
The medical term for the condition commonly known as low back pain is _____.
osteonecrosis
Which terms means the death of bone tissue?
rheumatologist
Specializes in diseases that are characterized by inflammation in the connective tissues
podiatrist
Specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the feet
chiropractor
Specializes in manipulative treatment of disorders originating from misalignment of the spine
orthopedic surgeon
Specializes in disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles
osteopathic physician
Specializes in treating health problems by manipulation and with traditional forms of medical treatment
arthrolysis
Which procedure is the surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint?
True
Cord blood, collected immediately after birth, is a rich source of stem cells.
arthrolysis
The surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint is known as _____.
False
A chiropractor specializes in treating the feet.
subluxation
The partial displacement of a bone from its joint is known as a/an _____.
chondroplasty
Which procedure is the surgical repair of cartilage?
False
Hallux Valgus is commonly known as a clubfoot.
manubrium
Which term identifies the upper portion of the sternum?
True
A transverse fracture is straight across the bone.
osteonecrosis
The death of bone tissue due to an insufficient blood supply, infection, malignancy, or trauma is known as _____.
The medical term meaning inflammation of a bursa is _____.

bursitis
The medical term meaning inflammation of a bursa is _____.
spina bifida
Which condition is a congenital defect in which the spinal canal fails to close around the spinal cord?
femur
Also known as the thighbone
scapula
Also known as the shoulder blade
tibia
Also known as the shinbone
calcaneus
Also known as the heel bone
clavicle
Also known as the collarbone
kyphosis
Which condition is an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side?
False
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that affects children.
humerus
The bone of the upper arm is the _____.
False
The 13 pairs of ribs are called costals.
synovectomy
The surgical removal of the synovial membrane from a joint is a/an ____
osteotomy
A surgical incision into a bone is known as a/an _____.
spondylitis
Which condition is an inflammation of the vertebrae?
False
As a broken bone heals, a crepitus forms a bulging deposit around the area of the break.
arthroplasty
Which procedure is the surgical repair or replacement of a damaged joint?
True
A cranioplasty is a surgical repair of the skull.
popliteal
The term referring to the posterior surface of the knee is _____.
True
An autologous transplant uses the patient's own bone marrow.
spondylosis
Which term means any degenerative condition of the vertebrae?
luxation
Which condition is the dislocation or displacement of a bone from its joint?
True
Synovitis is inflammation of the membrane lining a joint.
yellow bone marrow
Which bone tissue functions as a fat storage area?
True
Movements of the knee are made possible by the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments.
periostitis
An inflammation of the periosteum is known as _____.
osteochondroma
A slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells is known as a/an _____.
osteomalacia
Which condition is abnormal softening of bones due to disease?
lordosis
Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
scoliosis
Abnormal sideways curvature of the spine
kyphosis
Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side
spondylitis
Inflammation of the vertebrae
lumbago
Low back pain
osteomyelitis
Which condition is an inflammation of bone marrow?
True
Ankylosis is the loss or absence of mobility in a joint.
chondroplasty
The surgical repair of cartilage is known as a/an _____.
True
A Colles' fracture, which is a fracture of the wrist, is associated with osteoporosis.
cartilage
The flexible tip of the nose is made up of the type of tissue known as _____.
myeloma
A malignant tumor composed of blood-forming cells of the bone marrow is called a/an _____.
red bone marrow
Which bone tissue is hematopoietic?
False
A greenstick fracture is associated with osteoporosis.
foramen
Which term describes an opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass?
False
The abbreviation THR stands for total knee replacement.
xiphoid
The lower portion of the sternum is the _____ process.
True
Ostealgia is pain linked to an abnormal condition within a bone.
leukemia
Which disorder is treated with a bone marrow transplant?
gouty arthritis
Which form of arthritis is associated with the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint?
true
Osteitis deformans is also known as Paget's disease.