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16 terms

The Multi-Store Memory Model

Revision set focusing on the multi-store model as part of Unit 1, A-Level psychology.
STUDY
PLAY
Sensory Memory
First memory store, all senses come into here, but only certain thing are paid attention to which will then be moved into short-term memory. Information only lasts a faction of a second.
Short-term Memory
Information comes from our sensory memory and is stored in here for up to 30 seconds, however only 7 things can be held at once and if you don't rehearsal them you the information will be lost through decay.
Long-term Memory
Information comes in from our short-term memory if it has been rehearsed enough times, memories can be held in here forever and the amount of space is unlimited.
Cognitive
The way thoughts are processed/the way in which people think.
Capacity
How much information is held.
Duration
How long the information can be held for.
Encoding
The way in which the information is stored (e.g. acoustically, visually)
Acoustic
A sound form.
Ecological Validity
Whether the research can be related to a real life situation.
Semantic
The meaning of the word (for example).
Procedural
An area in the brain which allows you to recalls skills and different actions, e.g. riding a bike, playing an instrument.
Episodic
An area in the brain which allows you to recall episodes/events in you're life, e.g. wedding day, having children.
Hippocampus
An area in the brain which allows you to make new memories (Clive Wearing's has been destroyed) .
Decay
A way in which information can be lost.
Interference
Getting information/memories muddled up with others.
Retrieval failure
Unable to find the information/memory, a cue can help you remember.