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chapter 10 review
Terms in this set (35)
what are the 3 kinds of elections found in the US?
primary elections, general elections, and specific policy question elections
what is a primary election?
voters select party nominees
what is a general election?
competition between the nominees of the parties
what are specific policy question elections?
voters engage in making or ratifying legislation
what is the difference between initiative petition and referendum?
a referendum is when you can approve or disapprove, and an initiative is when you can make changes
who were the candidates in the 1800s election?
started with john adams (federalist) and thomas jefferson (democrat republican) and then it was jefferson against burr
who won the election of 1800?
what are the 2 major issues of the 1800 election?
state legislatures had the responsibility for choosing members of the electoral college and house of reps would have to decide between the 2 democratic candidates
what is the campaign style of 1800s election
state organizations promoted the candidates cause
what is the significance of the 1800 election?
first peaceful transfer of power between parties via the electoral process
who who the candidates in the 1896 election?
william mckinley (republican) and william jennings bryan (democrat)
who won the election of 1896
what were the major issues of the 1896 election?
economics; republicans supported the gold standard and high tariffs while the democrats supported unlimited coinage of silver
what was the campaign style of 1896 election?
bryan gave speeches while mckinley sat at home in a front porch campaign
why was 1896 election important? (2 reasons)
1)nearly 80% of people voted
2)republicans became firmly entrenched as the nations majority party
describe the 2000 election
Bush v. Gore. This election was taken to the Supreme Court due to a ballot counting malfunction in Florida and the Supreme Court ruled to stop the recounting which gave more electoral votes to Bush.
who ran against each other in 2004?
george bush (republican) and john kerry (democrat)
what was the campaign style of 2004 election?
negative tv ads, kerry campaign sought to portray bush as reckless leader
why was 2004 election significant? 2 reasons
many people thought this would be a new era of republican dominance, one of the most important and hard fought presidential elections ever
what are the reasons for why someone would vote for bush in 2004? 4
strong leadership in the war on terrorism, moral values, those who focused on taxes, white christians
what are the reasons for why someone would vote for kerry in 2004? 4
most concerned with the war in Iraq, the economy, health care, and education
what are the 3 major reasons for voting
anthony downs theory, political efficacy, and civic duty
what does the anthony downs theory say
rational people vote if they believe that the policies of one party will bring more benefits than the policies of the other party. People who see policy difference between the parties are more likely to join the ranks of voters.
what is the major provision of the 1993 motor voter act?
require states to allow eligible voters to register by simply checking a box on their driver's license application on renewal form
list and explain the 6 demographic factors that are related to voter turnout
1.education: people with higher education are more likely to vote
2.age: older people are more likely to vote
3.race: minorities are underrepresented, but are more likely to vote compared to white people with the same achievements
4.gender: women are more likely to vote
5.marital status: married people are more likely to vote
6.government employment: those working under gov are more likely to vote
what is the mandate theory of elections?
Because citizens vote for the candidate whose policy promises they favor, many journalists and politicians say that the election winner has a mandate from the people to carry out the promised policies.
how has the influence of party identification on voting changed since the 1950s?
in the 50s, scholars said that party identification was the best predicator of a voters decision. Today, modern technology makes it possible for them to evaluate and make their own decisions.
what are the 3 most important dimensions of candidate image?
integrity, reliability, and competence
what are the 4 conditions necessary for true policy voting to take place?
clear view of their own policy positions,know where the candidates stand on policy issues, see differences between the candidates on these issues,cast a vote for a candidate whose policy positions coincide with their own
explain the first 3 parts of the electoral college
1.each state has as many votes as senators
2.each state has a winner take all system (except maine and nebraska)
3.electors meet in their states in december and mail votes to vp
what happens if no candidate receives an electoral college majority
the election is thrown into the house of representatives, which must choose from among the top 3 electoral vote winners. Each state delegation has one vote
what are 2 reasons for why the electoral college is important to elections
1.introduces a bias into the process. since each states get 2 votes, the less populated states are overrepresented.
2.the winner take all rule means that candidates will focus on winning the states where the polls show that there appears to be a close contest.
What are the two tasks that elections accomplish, according to democratic theory?
they select the policymakers and they shape public policy
what is the clearest way in which elections broadly affect public policy?
the greater the policy differences between candidates, the more likely voters will be able to steer government polices by their choices
what 3 major elements of voters decisions do political scientists focus on?
2.voter's evaluation of the candidates
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