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35 terms

World War I

STUDY
PLAY
no man's land
stretch of ground between opposing trenches
pacifists
against war under any circumstances
Princip
assassinated the Austrian Archduke and his wife
Triple Alliance
Germany Italy and Austria-Hungary
Triple Entente
France Russia Britain
tanks
were first used at the battle of Somme
Lusitania U20 U88
British passenger ship sunk by a German uboat- be able to explain what happened to the Lusitania, the U20 and U88. You have links to the internet in your notes. You might want to revisit them.
Woodrow Wilson
U.S. President during WWI
Lenin
leader of the Bolsheviks
Red Baron
deadliest flying ace of WWI
ace
any pilot who shot down at least five planes
Who killed the Red Baron
Be able to back up your claim of who killed the Red Baron. You need three supports.
John J. Pershing
head of the U.S. troops in Europe
Lawrence of Arabia
British agent who encouraged the Arabs to rebel against Turkey. He led raids on military bases and attacked trains, etc
Bolsheviks
the followers of Lenin who overthrew Kerensky and took power in Russia
Wilson's fourteen points
American War aims after WWI
July 28, 1914
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
August 1, 1914
Germany declared war on Russia
August 3, 1914
Germany declared war on France
April 6, 1917
the U.S. declared war on Germany
June 28, 1919
Germany signed the Treaty of Versaillles
Italy
left the Triple Alliance when war broke out
Belgium
when Germany invaded this neutral country, Britain declared war
u-boats
Germany used these to try and break the British blockade
Jutland
only major naval battle in WWI
order of surrender of Central Powers
Bulgaria, Turkey, Austria-Hungary, Germany
Japan
helped the Allies in WWI by patrolling the Pacific looking for German ships
Two important outcomes of the Battle of Jutland
1.The German fleet never came out to fight again. 2.Britain kept control of the seas and was able to continue the blockade.
Weapons and counter measures
Be able to list three new weapons Germany came up with to try and end the war quickly and be able to list the counter measure the Allies used to off set the weapon.
List any four reasons the U.S. turned against Germany and finally entered the war.
1. invasion of neutral countries 2.use of poison gas 3.sinking of unarmed ships 4.German secret agents blowing up munitions factories and freight ships in the U.S. 5.Zimmermann telegram to Mexico 6.unrestricted submarine warfare
1. Explain how the Germans were able to defeat the Russian army.
German plan to defeat the Russian army - They would take on the two Russian armies separately, one after the other. In this way they could use maximum force against the enemy. The Russians had two main armies, one commanded by Samsonov, and the other by Rennenkampf. The two generals hated each other and would not tell each other where they were. The Germans took on the Russians one at a time and defeated them.
Allied powers
Be able to name any six allied powers 1. England 2. France 3. Russia 4. United States 5. Italy 6. Serbia 7. Canada 8. Japan
What was the taxicab army?
Germans reached the Marne River, 15 miles from Paris. The battle lasted five days. It looked like the Germans would win. French commanders called for help from Paris. Then an amazing thing happened. From the streets of Paris came a long line of taxicabs and buses, headed for the front. French troops were piled into this strange taxicab army. The tide of the battle turned with these reinforcements.
What were the chief causes of WWI?
The chief causes of World War I were (1) the rise of nationalism, (2) a build-up of military might, (3) competition for colonies, and (4) a system of military alliances.
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty signed by Germany to end WWI