1. Explain how the Germans were able to defeat the Russian army.
German plan to defeat the Russian army - They would take on the two Russian armies separately, one after the other. In this way they could use maximum force against the enemy. The Russians had two main armies, one commanded by Samsonov, and the other by Rennenkampf. The two generals hated each other and would not tell each other where they were. The Germans took on the Russians one at a time and defeated them.