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Function: motor and sensory information, reflexes
Dysfunction: paralysis, osteoporosis, spasticity
Function: breathing, digestion, heart function
Dysfunction: paralysis of throat, loss of taste, acid reflux, drooling
Function: motor control, consciousness and sleep, dreaming, posture
Dysfunction: control bladder to a certain point, blood clots, breathing troubles
Function: motor and cardiovascular control, pain, sleep and consciousness
Dysfunction: narcolepsy, lesions
Function: senses transported to higher brain, sleep/consciousness
Dysfunction: motor, sensory and emotional problems, balance and sleep, impairment
Function: coordination, memory, leanring, body movement
Dysfunction: bad balance and coordination, tremor, dizzy, weak in legs
Function: store new memories (short term), emotional response, navigation, spatial organization
Dysfunction: Alzheimers, Epilepsy, brain swelling, deficencey of oxygen to cells
Function: social and emotional processing, aggression and feaar
Dysfunction: requires soc and emotional stimulation to dev normally, autism, soc anxiety if dev poorly
Function: growth and sex hormones
Dysfunction: tumors, hyper/hrposecretion (too much/too little growth of cells)
Function: pain, sense/touch
Dysfunction: right/left confusion, dress/wash problems of self
Function: visual cortex, color, motion perception, dreams come from
Dysfunction: color and movement, halucinations, illusions
Function: emotion, problem solving, impulse, facial expressions
Dysfunction: mental flexibility, social up or down, easily distracted
Function: mediate conflicting thoughts, choices, predict future, social control
Dysfunction: personality and behavioral change, bad decisions
Function: facilitate communication b/w hemispheres, eye movement, sensory and arousal
Dysfunction: incomplete or no dev leads to difficulty of understanding (ex. sarcasm)
7 Rules of Brain Plasticity
1. Brain must be alert and engaged to change
2. Positive reinforcement strengthens the connections b/w neurons
3. neurons that fire together wire together
4. Repetition in incremental steps is key to make lasting change; initial change is temporary
5. Memory is crucial for learning and can be improved
6. Motivation is key - right stress, challenging but not too much
7. Brain Plasticity can be positive or negative
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