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aspirate (ASS-per-ayt; ass-per-AY-shun)

to draw foreign material into the lungs (Note: Aspirate and aspiration also means to withdraw fluid or tissue, as in bone
marrow aspiration.)

acapnia (ay-KAP-nee-ah)
a- = without
-capria = carbon dioxide

absence of carbon dioxide in the blood; less than normal blood levels of carbon dioxide

anoxia (an-OCKS-ee-ah)
an- = absence; lack
ox/i = oxygen
-a = noun ending

absence or lack of the normal level of oxygen in the blood

aphonia (ay-FON-nee-ah)
a- = absence; lack of
-phonia = sound or voice

inability to produce sound or speech

apnea (ap-NEE-ah)
a- = absence; lack of
-pnea = breathing

absence or lack of breathing; temporary cessation of breathing

dysphonia (diss-FOH-nee-ah)
dys- = difficult
-phonia = voice; sound

difficulty producing speech or vocal sounds

dyspnea (disp-NEE-ah)
dys- = difficult
-pnea = breathing

difficulty breathing

dyspnea on exertion (DOE)

difficulty breathing during any physical activity

hypercapnia (high-per-KAP-nee-ah)
hyper- = excessive; increase
-capnia = carbon dioxide

increased or excessive carbon dioxide in the blood

hyperpnea (high-per-NEE-ah)
hyper- = excessive; increase
-pnea = breathing

excessive or increased breathing

hypocapnia (high-poh-KAP-nee-ah)
hypo- = decreased; deficient
-capnia = carbon dioxide

deficient carbon dioxide levels in the blood

hypopnea (high-pop-NEE-ah)
hypo- = decreased; deficient
-pnea = breathing

decreased or deficient breathing

hypoxemia (high-POCKS-EE-mee-ah)
hypo- = decreased; deficient
ox/i = oxygen
-emia = blood

deficient or decreased oxygen in the blood

hypoxia (high-POCKS-ee-ah)
hypo- = decreased, deficient
ox/i = oxygen
-a = noun ending

deficient or decreased oxygen supply to body tissue

mucopurulent (myoo-koh-PYOOR-yoo-lent)

containing both mucus and pus

orthopnea (or-THOP-nee-ah)
orht/o = straight
-pnea = breathing

ability to breathe only when upright or in the upright position

rales (RALZ)

abnormal chest sound caused by congested or spasmodic bronchi

rhinorrhea (righ-noh-REE-ah)
rhin/o = nose
-(r)rhea = copious discharge; drainage

thin watery discharge from the nose; runny nose

rhonchi (RONG-kigh)

rales or rattling in the throat, resembles snoring

stridor (STRIGH-dor)

harsh, high-pitched sound during respiration

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