18 terms

Chapter 5 Vocab

EME Chapter 5 test
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Natural Law
rule or law that governs human nature
Philosophe
member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply methods of science to the improvement of society
enlightened despot
absolute ruler who uses power to bring about political and social change
Baroque
ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s
Rococo
personal elegant style of art and architecture made popular during the mid-17oos and featuring fancy design in the shape of leaves, shells, and scrolls.
constitutional government
government whose power is defined and limited by law
cabinet
parliamentary advisers to the king who originally met in a small room, or cabinet
prime minister
head of the cabinet in a parliamentary government, usually the leader of the largest part of the legislature
Loyalist
colonist who supported Britain during the American Revolution
Federal republic
government in which power is divided between the national, or federal, government and the states
social contract
an agreement by which they gave up the state of nature for an organized society
natural rights
rights that belonged to all humans from birth
physiocrats
looked for natural laws to define a rational economic system
laissez faire
allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
censorship
restricting access to ideas and information
salons
informal social gatherings at which writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas. lead by women
oligarchy
a government in which the ruling power belongs to a few people
popular sovereignty
states that all government power comes from the people