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AP US History

Colonizing America - End of the French/Indian War
Treaty of Tordesillas
V. Balboa
(1513) crosses Panama and claims the Pacific for the King of Spain
Juan Ponce de Leon
(1513, 1521) explored Florida
F. Magellan
(1513) his crew makes first successful sail around the world
Hernando Cortes
1519 conquers the Aztec Empire; without Cortes' success other conquistadors would not have explored as much
F. Pizarro
(1532) conquers the Inca in Peru
H. Desoto
(1539-42) traveled all over Southern America and Mississippi area
F. Coronado
(1540-42) looks for Pueblo people and their (nonexistent) gold
J. Cabrillo
(1542) explored California; missed gold by 100 miles
Encomienda System
grouped together existing Indian villages and established a church in the middle; religious conversion; King rewarded people with land; similar to feudalism; removed because of disease
Hacienda System
King gifts an hacienda; people come from miles to live and work at the hacienda; paid money, but must pay for room and board; but cost > pay, became essentially slavery
The Mission System
creates community around a catholic church; room, board, and religious services; many move there as a last choice;
King Henry VIII creates "The Church of England"
Elizabeth I
Queen from 1558-1603; anticatholic, cautions and smart
Mystery at Roanoke
1585 - attempt with only men
1587 - attempt with women and children
1590 - Raleigh returns and no one is left
Destruction of the Spanish Armada
Factors pushing England to colonize
(1) Destruction of Spanish Armada (2) over-population in England (3) desire for Naval Stores (places to store supplies to make ships)
Settlement of Jamestown, VA
Problems at Jamestown
Location (diseased swamp); lack of leadership; type of people (primogeniture); waste time seeking god; relations with native americans
John Rolfe
brings tobacco to VA (provides Economic thrust)
William Bradford
Leader of Plymouth and the pilgrims
Settlement of Plymouth
The Mayflower Compact
not a constitution; a "civil body politick;" simple agreement to follow the majority
settled in 1620 in Massachusetts by the Separatists (pilgrims); mayflower compact; people die, but Squanto helps; joins Massachusetts Bay in the end of the 17th century
Settlement of Massachusetts Bay
Massachusetts Bay Colony
King Charles I grants Puritans a charter; Boston; John Winthrop; fishing + ship building; 1636 creation of Harvard to teach Puritan way
John Winthrop
"city upon a hill" (Boston)
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
1639 (example of laws being written in constitutions
Lord Baltimore
founded Maryland in 1634 as refuge for Catholics; Acts of Tolerance;
Act of Tolerance
in Boston it gave religious tolerance to all Christianity
Lord Baltimore
Founded Maryland in 1634
Peace of Paris
French and Indian War
"Seven Years War"
Great Awakening
George Whitefield
FERVENT preacher in Great Awakening 1738
J. Edwards
crazy, fervent preacher in Great Awakening (unbaptized children)
Founding of Quebec
1608 (year after Jamestown)
Slave introduction to America
1690 (introduction of Rice Agriculture to SC)
Bacon's Rebellion
1676 (century before signing of Declaration of Independence)
Indentured Servitude (time period)
1600ish - 1676ish
Southern Colonies
New England Colonies
Massachusetts, Connecticut, RI, NH
Bread Colonies
NY, Deleware, NJ, Penn
James II
Glorious Revolution
King William and Queen Mary take over for James II (1688)
Anne Hutchinson
ANTINOMIANISM - religious existentialism
New England Confederation
1643; used as protection from Indians; Plymouth, Mass. Bay, Connecticut places (remember: Confederation = Americans established)
The Dominion of New England
created by James II to easier rule New England; Mass., Conn., NH, RI, NY, and NJ; no smuggling!
Roger Williams
puritan clergyman who believes Indians are being mistreated; establishes the sewer of New England for misfits
1681 (William Penn the Quaker)
1634 (Lord Baltimore)
1664 (originally called New Sweden)
North Carolina
Rhode Island/Connecticut
New York
New Jersey