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1519 conquers the Aztec Empire; without Cortes' success other conquistadors would not have explored as much
grouped together existing Indian villages and established a church in the middle; religious conversion; King rewarded people with land; similar to feudalism; removed because of disease
King gifts an hacienda; people come from miles to live and work at the hacienda; paid money, but must pay for room and board; but cost > pay, became essentially slavery
The Mission System
creates community around a catholic church; room, board, and religious services; many move there as a last choice;
Mystery at Roanoke
1585 - attempt with only men
1587 - attempt with women and children
1590 - Raleigh returns and no one is left
Factors pushing England to colonize
(1) Destruction of Spanish Armada (2) over-population in England (3) desire for Naval Stores (places to store supplies to make ships)
Problems at Jamestown
Location (diseased swamp); lack of leadership; type of people (primogeniture); waste time seeking god; relations with native americans
The Mayflower Compact
not a constitution; a "civil body politick;" simple agreement to follow the majority
settled in 1620 in Massachusetts by the Separatists (pilgrims); mayflower compact; people die, but Squanto helps; joins Massachusetts Bay in the end of the 17th century
Massachusetts Bay Colony
King Charles I grants Puritans a charter; Boston; John Winthrop; fishing + ship building; 1636 creation of Harvard to teach Puritan way
New England Confederation
1643; used as protection from Indians; Plymouth, Mass. Bay, Connecticut places (remember: Confederation = Americans established)
The Dominion of New England
created by James II to easier rule New England; Mass., Conn., NH, RI, NY, and NJ; no smuggling!
puritan clergyman who believes Indians are being mistreated; establishes the sewer of New England for misfits
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