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Colonizing America - End of the French/Indian War

Treaty of Tordesillas


V. Balboa

(1513) crosses Panama and claims the Pacific for the King of Spain

Juan Ponce de Leon

(1513, 1521) explored Florida

F. Magellan

(1513) his crew makes first successful sail around the world

Hernando Cortes

1519 conquers the Aztec Empire; without Cortes' success other conquistadors would not have explored as much

F. Pizarro

(1532) conquers the Inca in Peru

H. Desoto

(1539-42) traveled all over Southern America and Mississippi area

F. Coronado

(1540-42) looks for Pueblo people and their (nonexistent) gold

J. Cabrillo

(1542) explored California; missed gold by 100 miles

Encomienda System

grouped together existing Indian villages and established a church in the middle; religious conversion; King rewarded people with land; similar to feudalism; removed because of disease

Hacienda System

King gifts an hacienda; people come from miles to live and work at the hacienda; paid money, but must pay for room and board; but cost > pay, became essentially slavery

The Mission System

creates community around a catholic church; room, board, and religious services; many move there as a last choice;

King Henry VIII creates "The Church of England"


Elizabeth I

Queen from 1558-1603; anticatholic, cautions and smart

Mystery at Roanoke

1585 - attempt with only men
1587 - attempt with women and children
1590 - Raleigh returns and no one is left

Destruction of the Spanish Armada


Factors pushing England to colonize

(1) Destruction of Spanish Armada (2) over-population in England (3) desire for Naval Stores (places to store supplies to make ships)

Settlement of Jamestown, VA


Problems at Jamestown

Location (diseased swamp); lack of leadership; type of people (primogeniture); waste time seeking god; relations with native americans

John Rolfe

brings tobacco to VA (provides Economic thrust)

William Bradford

Leader of Plymouth and the pilgrims

Settlement of Plymouth


The Mayflower Compact

not a constitution; a "civil body politick;" simple agreement to follow the majority


settled in 1620 in Massachusetts by the Separatists (pilgrims); mayflower compact; people die, but Squanto helps; joins Massachusetts Bay in the end of the 17th century

Settlement of Massachusetts Bay


Massachusetts Bay Colony

King Charles I grants Puritans a charter; Boston; John Winthrop; fishing + ship building; 1636 creation of Harvard to teach Puritan way

John Winthrop

"city upon a hill" (Boston)

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

1639 (example of laws being written in constitutions

Lord Baltimore

founded Maryland in 1634 as refuge for Catholics; Acts of Tolerance;

Act of Tolerance

in Boston it gave religious tolerance to all Christianity

Lord Baltimore

Founded Maryland in 1634

Peace of Paris


French and Indian War


"Seven Years War"


Great Awakening


George Whitefield

FERVENT preacher in Great Awakening 1738

J. Edwards

crazy, fervent preacher in Great Awakening (unbaptized children)

Founding of Quebec

1608 (year after Jamestown)

Slave introduction to America

1690 (introduction of Rice Agriculture to SC)

Bacon's Rebellion

1676 (century before signing of Declaration of Independence)

Indentured Servitude (time period)

1600ish - 1676ish

Southern Colonies


New England Colonies

Massachusetts, Connecticut, RI, NH

Bread Colonies

NY, Deleware, NJ, Penn

James II


Glorious Revolution

King William and Queen Mary take over for James II (1688)

Anne Hutchinson

ANTINOMIANISM - religious existentialism

New England Confederation

1643; used as protection from Indians; Plymouth, Mass. Bay, Connecticut places (remember: Confederation = Americans established)

The Dominion of New England

created by James II to easier rule New England; Mass., Conn., NH, RI, NY, and NJ; no smuggling!

Roger Williams

puritan clergyman who believes Indians are being mistreated; establishes the sewer of New England for misfits




1681 (William Penn the Quaker)


1634 (Lord Baltimore)


1664 (originally called New Sweden)



North Carolina


Rhode Island/Connecticut


New York


New Jersey


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