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78 terms

Cosmo Chapter 5

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Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome
a disease caused by the HIV virus that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Allergy
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
Antiseptics
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Bacilli (singular;bacillus)
Shorts, rod-shaped bacteria; the most common bacteria; they produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria
Bacteria (singular; bacterium)
One-celled microorganisms. Some are harmful, some are harmless.
Bactericidal
Capable of destroying bacteria.
binary fission
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells
Cilia
Slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria; their whip-like motion moves bacteria in liquid
Cocci
Round shaped bacteria that appear singly, alone, or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.
Contagious disease
Also known as communicable disease; disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis, pinkeye, viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
Diagnosis
Determining the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.
Diplococci
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia
Disease
Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying out normal function.
Disinfectable
An item that can be disinfected.
Disinfectants
Chemical agents that destroy most bacteria, fungi and viruses, but not spores, on surfaces
Disinfection
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses, but not spores on surfaces.
Efficacy
Effectiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills germs, when used according to the label.
Exposure Incident
Contact with non-intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that results from performance of an employees duties.
Flagella (singular; flagellum)
Slender, hair-like extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion, moving about. May also be referred to as cilia.
Fungi (singular; flagellum)
Microscopic plant parasites, including molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
Fungicidal
Capable of destroying fungi
Hepatitis
Bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
human immunodeficiency virus
abbreviated HIV; virus that causes aquired immune deficiency syndrome, AIDS.
Immunity
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired and is a sign of good health.
Infection
Invasion of body tissue by disease-causing pathogens
Infectious
caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
Inflammation
A condition in which the body reacts to injury or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
Microorganism
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size.
Mildews
Type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon setting.
Motility
Self-movement.
Material Data Safety Sheet
abbreviated MSDS; information about products compiled by manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
Multi-use
Also known as reusable; Items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is exposed to blood or body fluid.
Nonpathogenic
harmless microorganisms that may perfom useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
Occupational disease
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients.
Parasites
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism, referred to as the host, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.
Pathogenic
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
Parasitic disease
disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites..
Phenolic disinfectants
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH and can damage the skin and eyes.
Porous
made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorbent.
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
also known as quats; disinfectant solution that are very effective when used properly int he salon
Sanitation
Also known as sanitizing; a chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level
Scabies
Contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
Single-use or disposable
also known as disposable; items that cannot be used more than once. These items cannot be properly cleaned so that all visible residue,such as pumice stones used for pedicures, or they are damaged or contaminated by cleaning and disinfecting.
Sodium Hypochlorite
Common household bleach; disinfectant for salon use.
Spirilla
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that can cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease
Staphylococci
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes, can cause abscesses, pustules and boils.
Sterilization
process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
Streptococci
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; they can cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
Tuberculocidal
Disinfectants that kills the bacteria that causes tuberculosis
Universal Precautions
A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for blood borne pathogens.
Virucidal
Capable of destroying viruses.
Virus (plural; viruses)
a parasitic submicroorganism particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. A virus is capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reproductive function.
Asymptomatic
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection
Bioburden
The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
bloodborne pathogens
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV
chelating soaps
Also known as chelating detergents; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
clean (cleaning)
a mechanical process, scrubbing, using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection. Cleaning is what cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting.
Contamination
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
Decontamination
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
Direct transmission
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.
Hospital disinfectants
Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids.
human papilloma virus
abbreviated HPV and also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resemble small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
indirect transmission
transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.
Infection control
Are the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
infectious disease
Disease caused by pathogenic, harmful microorganisms that enter the body. An infectious disease may or may not be spread from on person to another person.
local infection
an infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
abbreviated MRSA; a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics.
mycobacterium
a microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.
natural immunity
immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.
nonporous
an item that is made of constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
pathogenic disease
disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
pus
a fluid created by infection
systemic disease
Disease that affects the body as a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning of internal glands or organs. This disease is carried through the blood stream or the lymphatic system.
tinea barbae
also known as barber's itch; a superficial fungal infection that commonly affect the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp
tinea capitis
a fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles.
tinea pedis
a ringworm fungus of the foot
toxins
various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms, bacteria and viruses.
tuberculocideal disinfectants
disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.