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101 terms

Procedures 2

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Polythemia
Increase of red blood cells
Mean cell volume
Determines anemia
Hypochloremia
Low chlorine in blood
Hyperchloremia
High chlorine in blood
Normocytic/non chromic anemia
Excessive blood loss
Hypochromic or microcytic anemia
Decreased rbi and Hb common in blood loss,iron deficiency
Hypokalemia
Low potassium from diarrhea, stress
Positive antigen
Has been exposed to antigen
Negative antigen
No exposure to antigen
Bronchoscopy
Used to determine disease or biopsy
Male normal Hg
5 million
Normal female Hg
4 million
Macrocytic anemia
RBC are larger than normal
Hemoglobin
Most of O2 that diffused into pulmonary capillary blood moves into RBC and attaches to
Thoracentesis
Process where excessive fluid is aspirated through needle in chest wall and lungs
Open lung biopsy
Removes sample of tissue
Hyperkalemia
Excessive Potassium from renal failure or muscle tissue damage
Hypocalcemia
Vit d defficiency
Hypercalcemia
Excess Calcium from bone fractious or tumors
Complete blood cell count CBC
Test to determine ability to carry oxygen
Phagocytosis
Digestion of bacteria
Hematology tests for
RBC,WBC, platelets Hg,hematocrit
Eosinphills
Activated by allergies and patasites
Hyponatremia
Low sodium from sweating, burn,diuretics
Packed cell volume
Mat of RBC in 100 mL of blood
T cells
Are decreased when HIV becomes AIDS
WBC
Blood count to determine infection or inflammation
Granules
Eosinophilia,monocytes,basophils
Nongranular
Monocytes,leukocytes
Lateral
X Ray side view
Lateral decubitus
Xray of patient lyeing on side
Liver
Causes right side of chest to be higher
Prominent process
Notch on back of neck
AP
Front to back
Posterior to anterior and lateral
Standard xray views
Gray
Color on xray from soft tissue
Black
Color on xray showing air
White
Color on xray for bone or foreign object
Lordotic
When patient leans back for a better view of xray (praying position)
Oblique
Fatty corner like xray view of lateral and PA
Air trapping
An expiratory film is often taken to determine
Expiratory
Heart will appear enlarged
Collapsed lung
Xray showing all white blending into heart
Five
Cardiac notches
Elevated on xray Due to heart
Helium,hila
Monocytes
Second line of defense against organisms
Hypernatremia
Excess sodium cause from dehydration
Leukocytes
Fight infection, defend by phagocytosis,produce antibodies in immune response
Chloride
Most prominent anion
Potassium
Main cation of intracellular compartment
Neutrophils
First WBC to arrive at site of inflammation
Consilidation
White area or spot
Meniscus
Pleural effusion sign
PET
Test showing anatomic structure and metabolic activity of tissues and organs
Dark area
Radiolucent area
Infiltrate
White Spot on xray unknown
VQ scan
Gamma radiation from chest through pharmaceuticals injected or inhaled.Perfusion ventilation
Half a rib space
Rt side due to liver being higher due to diaphragm
Hillium
Left side is higher of the ... Due to the heart
Emphysema traits
Increase AP, blebs,wide intercostal space
Lordotic
Praying position
Bronchography
Radioopaque instilled into tracheobronchial tree and xray taken.Been replaced with cat scan
Cavity
Dark area surrounded by white dense tissue
Lateral decubitus
Lowing on side to measure fluid
Phagocytosis
Digestion of bacteria
Bronchoscopy
Uses fiberoptic scope with camera for inspection of trachea and bronchi
Carina
Trachea bifurcated at
Two
Et tube is placed .... Cm above carina
ARDS traits
Ground glass appearance
Pneumothorax traits
From lack of air an Absence of lung marking vertical line on pleura hyperinflation
Angiography
Use injected contrastvto detect pulmonary emboli
Five to ten thousand
Normal WBC count
Ground glass appearance
Represents alveolar filling at microscopic level ,hazy appearance
Sail sign
Thymus glands in anfants
Excess and low calcium
Hyper hypo calcemia
Excess and low potassium
Hyper and hypo kalemia
Excess and low sodium
Hyper hypo natremia
Excessive and low chlorine
Hyper hypo chloremia
Nongranular leukocytes
Monocytes lymphocytes
White blood count
Can determine between infection or inflammation
MRI
Uses magnetic imaging to take cross sectional images to detect further that a CT
Monocyte
Second cell to arrive at inflammation
Normal hemoglobin
Man 5 million women 4 million
Coin lesion
Indication of carcinoma
Butterfly or batwing
Sign of pulmonary edema with CHF
Aterlactesis
Fisher lines volume loss
Fluoroscopy
Takes xray motions to localize lesions to be biopsied
Ivory heart sign
LLL collapse
Pencilling/steepling
Airway nRrowing with croup
Lateral
Side view
Polythemia
Increase of RBC
Thumb sign
Seen with swollen epiglottis
Dark areas
Good blood flow in VQ scan
Elevated monocytes
Mean infection or inflammation
Increased CO2
Hypercapnia
Decreased CO2
Hypocapnia
Increased lymphocytes
Leukocytosis
Decreased wbc
Leukopenia
Air bronchogram
Normal air filled bronchus surrounded by lung tissue with increased density
Bronchogram
Pathway of black like tree branches where air is flowing
Bronchography
Shows view of trachea r and l bronchi.