Create an account
contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction or by a semicolon- for example, "The singer bowed to the audience, but she sang no encores."
confirmation- the part of an argument in which the speaker or writer would offer proof or demonstration of a central idea.
the part of speech that serves to connect to words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. FANBOYS: For, And, But, Or, Yet, So.
the convergence of time, place, audience, and motivating factors in which a piece of writing or a speech is situated; or words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
grammatical equivalence between parts of a sentence often through a coordinating conjunction such as "and" or "but"
(loose sentence)- an independent clause followed by subordinate clauses, or phrases that supply additional detail-for example. "i look forward to a great future in America, a future in which our country will match its military strength with our moral restraint, its wealth with our wisdom, its power with our purpose."- John F. Kennedy
facts. statistics, and examples that speaker/writer offers in support of a claim, generalization and conclusion.
a sentence that makes a statement-for example, "A banker is a person who will loan you his umbrella when the sun is shining but wants it back the minute it begins to rain." -Mark Twain
reasoning that begins with a general principle and concludes with a specific instance that demonstrates the general principle (general to specific)
the literal or dictionary definition of a word, in contrast to its connotation or implied meaning.
(subordinate Clause) because of a subordinating word that comes at the beginning of the clause, it is not a sentence and cannot stand alone-for example, "Your paper, which must be ten pages in length is due on Friday."
the describable patterns of language-grammar and vocabulary-used by a particular cultural or ethnic population
word choice frequently divided into four levels: formal (Academic Writing), informal (common in conversation), colloquial, and slang.
writing whose purpose is to instruct or teach; it is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns.
Either or Fallacy
arguing that a complex situation can simply be explained one of two ways; in Latin- Reductio ad Absurdum which literally means to "reduce to the absurd"
indicated by a series of three periods, it indicates that some material had been omitted from a given text. It could be a word, a phrase, a partial sentence, or a whole section
the repetition of a a group of words at the end of successive clauses-for example, "They say no evil, they spoke no evil, and they heard no evil"
a word or phrase adding a characteristic to a person's name-for example, "Richard the Lion-hearted"
a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable-for example, "He went to his final reward" is a common euphemism for "he died". They are often used to obscure the reality of the situation.
provides emphasis or expressing strong emotion; generally begins with how or what-for example, "what a beautiful day!"
a shift in the narrative that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story.
writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to e imaginative and vivid.
Figure of Speech
an expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying literal meaning. Include: apostrophe, hyperbole, irony metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.
a point that the speaker/ writer generates on the basis of considering a number of particular examples
a propaganda device which employs the use of a phrase that inspires strong feelings in the receiver.
making a unsound inductive inference based on insufficient, inadequate, and unspecified evidence.
a term literally meaning "sermon", but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis; it may also be ironic; the opposite of understatement.
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions. On a physical level, __ uses terms related to the five senses; we refer to visual, auditory, tactile, gustatory, or olfactory. For example, a rose may present visual __ while also representing the color in a woman's cheeks.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together