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PSYC 430: Read: Nolen-Hoeksema: Chapter 12
Terms in this set (98)
Which of the following are eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
Which is true of eating disorders?
Individuals who meet the criteria for one disorder often meet the criteria for two or more of the disorders at different times.
People diagnosed with _____ starve themselves, yet they are certain that they need to lose more weight.
People with anorexia nervosa feel good only when they have
control over their eating.
Nora practices the restricting type of anorexia nervosa. This means that she _____. (Select all that apply.)
limits what she eats
does not binge or purge
Match the eating disorder with its explanation.
Anorexia nervosa = Starvation
Bulimia nervosa = Bingeing and purging
Binge-eating disorder = Bingeing but no purging
Melissa's type of anorexia nervosa has been classified as the binge/purge type. Which of the following might apply? (Select all that apply.)
She makes herself vomit after eating.
She misuses laxatives, diuretics, or enemas.
She binge eats.
Amelia does not fit neatly into diagnostic categories for eating disorders, but she does exhibit some troublesome behaviors in regard to food. What is the best diagnosis for her?
Other specified eating or feeding disorder
One type of anorexia is the binge/purge type. This disorder is different from bulimia because people with this diagnosis are usually _____.
below a healthy body weight
Which is true of people with diagnoses of anorexia nervosa? (Select all that apply.)
They may have amenorrhea.
They typically have below normal body weight.
Which is true regarding the prevalence of anorexia nervosa in the United States?
The lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa is three times higher for women than for men in the United States.
Which of the following symptoms are indicative of anorexia nervosa? (Select all that apply.)
Struggling with chronic fatigue but still exercising excessively
Having an unrealistic fear of getting fat
Having disturbed self-perceptions of body shape
Which type of anorexia tends to have more comorbid psychopathology and a more chronic course?
According to Hornbacher, which of the following types of people simply refuse to eat and/or engage in excessive exercise as a way of preventing weight gain?
People with the restricting type of anorexia nervosa
Which of the following behaviors may be seen in a person who has been diagnosed with bulimia nervosa? (Select all that apply.)
They use methods such as fasting and exercise to compensate for added calories.
They eat excessive amounts of food during a short period of time.
To avoid gaining weight, they engage in purging.
In the ____ /purge type of anorexia nervosa, the person engages in recurrent episodes of overeating and then self-induces vomiting.
People with ____ control their weight by purging, abusing laxatives and diuretics, fasting, and excessive exercise.
The ____ /____ type of anorexia is different from bulimia in that people with this type of anorexia continue to be substantially below a healthy body weight, whereas people with bulimia typically are at normal weight or somewhat overweight.
Which is true of people with bulimia nervosa?
They are constantly dissatisfied with their body shape and weight.
The lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa in the United States using DSM-IV criteria s ______ percent in adult women and ______ percent in adult men.
One of the medical problems that occurs with people who have bulimia nervosa is _____.
People with the _____ type of anorexia tend to have more comorbid psychopathology and a more chronic course of the disorder.
Which is a serious complication associated with bulimia nervosa?
The core characteristic of _____ is uncontrolled eating, or bingeing, followed by behaviors intended to prevent weight gain from the binges.
Sasha's therapist interviews Sasha with the intent to assess and diagnose her problems. The therapist gives her a diagnosis of ____-____ disorder because Sasha binge eats but does not regularly engage in purging, fasting, or excessive exercise to compensate for those binges
Which of the following are true of people with bulimia who are trying to control their weight? (Select all that apply.)
They self-induce vomiting.
They abuse laxatives and diuretics.
They excessively exercise.
____-____ disorder resembles bulimia but describes a person who does not regularly engage in purging, fasting, or excessive exercise.
People with _____, unlike people with _____, do not tend to show gross distortions in body image.
____-____ disorder involves a person having an overwhelming desire to eat during the overnight hours.
Which professional is most likely to recognize individuals suffering from bulimia due to the side effects of self-induced vomiting?
Obesity is considered a mental disorder in the DSM-5.
Which of the following is true in regard to the risk of death from bulimia?
The death rate is nearly double that of the general population.
What is the difference between bulimia and binge-eating disorder?
A person with binge-eating disorder does not regularly engage in purging, fasting, or excessive exercise.
The term ____ is applied to those with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over.
Which of the following describe binge-eating disorder? (Select all that apply.)
Discrete binges in response to stress
Eating rapidly as if in a daze
Which of the following are typical of night eating disorder? (Select all that apply.)
People with this disorder have insomnia.
People with this disorder are distressed that they cannot control their eating behaviors.
Between 1980 and 2002, the prevalence of obesity in the United States _____.
doubled in adults and tripled in children and adolescents
Which of the following is the best characterization of obesity?
It is not a mental disorder.
It is currently estimated that nearly ______ percent of American adults are obese.
Which of the following are consequences of obesity? (Select all that apply.)
Increased heart disease
Type 2 diabetes
A BMI of _____ classifies a person as obese.
30 or above
Experimental studies have shown that employers are less likely to hire or promote individuals described in vignettes as overweight than they are to hire or promote individuals with identical credentials not described as overweight.
____ - ____ disorder resembles bulimia but describes a person who does not regularly engage in purging, fasting, or excessive exercise.
Which of the following are contributors to eating disorders, according to the sociocultural perspective? (Select all that apply.)
Reduction in daily exercise
Fast food that is high in fat and inexpensive
Increase in sedentary activities
Epidemiological studies show that between 1980 and 2002, the prevalence of ____ in the United States doubled in adults and tripled in children and adolescents.
Which of the following is true in regard to brain activity in obese people when they consume food?
They show less activity in certain reward areas than lean people.
Currently, nearly 20 percent of American children are obese.
Which of the following are genetic influences that may contribute to obesity? (Select all that apply.)
Number of fat cells
Atypical activity in brain reward areas
Tendency to overeat
In the United States, _____ percent of all health care costs are due to the effects of obesity.
5 to 7
Experiments on weight loss have been conducted with the Atkins, Ornish, LEARN, and Weight Watchers diets. The results have shown that they result in _____ weight loss.
Obesity is associated with which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
More physical illness
More emotional problems
Lower quality of life
Which of the following are weight-loss drugs? (Select all that apply.)
In United States, _____ percent of elementary schools require daily physical education.
Which of the following is recommended for those with a BMI between 30 and 39 who are seeking to lose weight? (Select all that apply.)
Increased physical activity
Obese people show less activity in certain ____ areas of the brain when they consume food than non-obese people. This suggests the same mechanism as drug addiction.
__ surgery for extremely obese people involves creating a small pouch at the base of the esophagus, which severely limits food intake.
____ affect(s) the number of fat cells and the likelihood of fat storage, the tendency to overeat, and activity level in the brain in response to food.
One proven method for preventing weight gain aims to encourage people to exercise at least for 5 minutes daily.
Studies of weight-loss diets have shown that _____.
all of the diets (LEARN, Ornish, Weight Watchers, Atkins) had similar results
Which part of the brain plays a central role in regulating eating?
Recent studies have found that weight-loss drugs can lead to a weight loss of _____ percent over a year.
3 to 9
Which is true of studies regarding anorexia nervosa?
There have been inconsistent findings regarding whether abnormalities in hypothalamic and hormonal functioning continue after subjects gain weight.
Which of the following is recommended for weight loss for people between 30 and 39 BMI?
A low-calorie diet
Studies of popular women's and men's magazines find _____ times more diet articles in women's magazines than in men's magazines (Andersen & DiDomenico, 1992; Grieve & Bonneau-Kaya, 2007).
Bariatric surgery may be recommended for people with severe health problems or for those of a BMI over _____.
The single strongest predictor of risk for the development of eating disorders in young women is _____.
not being satisfied with their bodies
Which of the following are proven methods for losing weight and preventing gaining weight? (Select all that apply.)
Eating fewer foods with empty calories
Doing at least 30 minutes of physical activity daily
Eating more nutrient-dense foods
Which of the following are true of the study involving adolescent girls in Fiji? (Select all that apply.)
Girls who had more direct media exposure had more eating disorder symptoms.
Girls whose friends watched the most TV had the highest scores on a measure of eating pathology.
The messages sent by the hypothalamus to regulate eating are carried by which of the following neurotransmitters? (Select all that apply.)
Which of the following sports are classified as weight dependent by researchers? (Select all that apply.)
Which of the following are present in people with diagnoses of anorexia nervosa? (Select all that apply.)
Lowered functioning of the hypothalamus
Serotonin and dopamine dysfunctions
Which of the following are cognitive factors in eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
Which is true of cultural ideals in the Western world?
Thinness is more valued and encouraged in females.
Ashley has been diagnosed with an eating disorder. If she goes off her diet and eats one cookie, she figures she may as well eat the whole box. This is an example of _____.
In one longitudinal study of high school girls, _____ percent of those with the greatest body dissatisfaction developed a diagnosable eating disorder, compared to 6 percent of those with less body dissatisfaction (Stice, Marti, & Durant, 2011).
Individuals with which of the following are at greater risk for developing eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
In the study of girls in Fiji, the strongest predictor of eating disorders was _____.
the girls' friends' exposure to media messages
One group identified by researchers as being particularly vulnerable to eating disorders because of pressure to maintain a specific weight and body shape is ______.
Stice and colleagues have identified subtypes in eating patterns involving binge eating. Those in the _____ subtype are greatly concerned with body shape and size, and try to maintain low-calorie diets but often engage in binge eating.
_____ factors in eating disorders include self-esteem and dissatisfaction with one's body because of social pressures.
Which of the following are qualities that people with eating disorder diagnoses are likely to have? (Select all that apply.)
Sensitivity to others' opinions
The ____ subtype of eating disorder patterns involves concern about weight and body size, combined with excessive eating to quell depression and self-esteem issues.
Individuals suffering depressive symptoms or, more generally, negative affect are at risk for the development of anorexic, bulimic, and binge-eating disorder symptoms.
Hilde Bruch (1973, 1982), a pioneer in the study of eating disorders, argued that anorexia nervosa often occurs in girls who have been unusually "good girls"—high achievers, dutiful and compliant daughters who are always trying to please their parents and others by being perfect.
Which of the following are qualities that Bruch discovered in her work in regard to girls with eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
They are perfectionistic.
Their parents are overinvolved.
Research has confirmed that the families of girls with eating disorders have high levels of conflict, discourage the expression of negative emotions, and emphasize control and perfectionism.
According to Stice and colleagues, people with a ____ subtype of disordered eating patterns are greatly concerned with body size and shape and trying to maintain a low-calorie diet, but they frequently abandon it and then engage in binge eating.
Which of the following behaviors have been found in mothers of girls diagnosed with eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
The mothers are often eating disordered themselves.
The mothers criticize their daughters' weight.
Which of the following factors are relevant in families of girls with eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
Family history of disordered eating
High parental control
Lack of parental warmth
Which of the following subtypes of eating disorder patterns most often involves relationship difficulties?
There are many more studies of treatments for bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder than for anorexia nervosa.
Which of the following features are found in families with girls with eating disorders? (Select all that apply.)
Denial of negative feelings
Which of the following are features of cognitive-behavioral therapy for people diagnosed with anorexia nervosa? (Select all that apply.)
Rewards contingent on weight gain
Confrontation on overvaluing of thinness
____ - ____ therapy involves introducing forbidden foods back into a client's diet and helping the client confront irrational thoughts about these foods.
Research has shown that there are a number of behaviors on the part of _____ that are correlated with eating disorders in girls.
What is the success rate for cognitive-behavioral treatment of bulimia?
Which of the following are statistically more likely to develop an eating disorder?
Stella, aged 19, whose parents are controlling
Research has found that IPT is more effective in treating bulimia than CBT.
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