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drivers ed chapter 3
basic vehicle control
Terms in this set (60)
in front of you as you sit in the driver's seat
where is the instrument panel located
this instrument tells you the speed you are traveling in both miles per hour and kilometers per hour. some vehicles have a digital one.
some vehicles have a _______ that indicates the engine revolutions per minute. engine damage may occur if the needle enters the red zone.
this indicates the total number of miles the vehicle has been driven. some vehicles have an additional trip _______ that can be set back to zero when you want to know the number of miles driven during a certain period of time.
this shows the amount of fuel in the tank. if you let the fuel tank get below one-quarter full, you risk running out of fuel.
half full; fuel-line
in cold winter, you should try to keep the fuel tank at least ____ ____ to prevent ____-_____ freeze
temperature light or gauge
this warns you when the coolant in the engine is too hot
oil pressure warning light or gauge
this warns you when the oil is not circulating at the proper pressure. however, it does not tell you the amount of oil in the engine.
alternator warning light or gauge
your vehicle's electrical system is in trouble if this light comes on or the gauge shows "discharge" while the engine is running. the alternator is not generating enough electricity to run the vehicle. when this happens, the engine must use stored electricity from the battery... this warns that the battery is being drained. the more electricity used, the sooner the battery will be dead.
brake system warning light
this serves two purposes: 1)this reminds you to release the parking brake before moving the vehicle. 2)if this comes on while you are pressing the foot brake or while driving, it means that part or all of the braking system is not working properly.
antilock braking system light
this tells you if the ABS is funcioning properly. ABS keeps the wheels from locking if the driver breaks hard. if this comes on, it indicates a problem with the system.
safety belt light
this reminds you to fasten your safety belt before moving your vehicle. this comes on when you turn the key.
air bag warning light
this tells you if the air bags are in proper working condition. when the ignition is turned on, this comes on for a few seconds and then goes off. if the air bags are not in proper operating condition, this will stay on.
these tell you the direction you have signaled to turn
this glows when the high-bean headlights are on
this controls the direction of the front wheels
steering wheel adjustment lever
some vehicles have this. the wheel can be tilted up or down for better driving comfort.
move the _______ _____ in an automatic transmission vehicle to choose forward or reverse gear. this control is located on the steering column or on the console. the console is the compartment mounted between the front seats in a vehicle.
in a stickshift vehicle, shift gears by moving the _____ _____ to the desired position. this lever is located in the console.
ignition and starter switch
start the engine by putting the key into the ________ ______
this is an optional feature you can have on your vehicle. this device lets you maintain your desired speed without keeping your foot on the accelerator. tap the foot brake pedal to cancel this
this keeps the vehicle in place when it is parked
in a stickshift vehicle, the _____ ____ is located to the left of the foot-brake pedal. pushing this pedal down lets you shift gears.
pushing down on this slows or stops the vehicle. depressing this pedal also turns on the brake lights in the back of the vehicle.
this is located to the right of the foot-brake pedal. pushing this down increases speed; releasing it slows the vehicle.
always wear this when your vehicle is in motion. they are your best protection against injury in a collision.
these are padded deviced on the backs and fronts of seats. these help reduce whiplash injuries in a collision, especially if your vehicle is struck from the rear.
this shows the view through the rear window
outside rearview mirrors
these show a view to the left, right, and rear of your vehicle
even if the mirrors are adjusted properly, there are areas they cannot show the driver. these are called
this is usually located on the steering wheel
hazard flasher control
this is usually located on the steering column or on the instrument panel. when this is on, both front and rear-turn signal lights flash at the same time. these light warn others that your vehicle is a hazard or that you are in trouble
this is located on the left side of the steering column. move this up to signal a right turn and down to signal a left turn.
windshield wipers and washers
this control is often mounted on the turn-signal lever. these operate the _______ _____ and clean the outside of the windshield.
this is usually a knob or switch located on the left of the instrument panel or on the turn-signal lever. this device controls headlights, taillights, and side-marker lights, as well as the instrument panel, license plate, and dome light.
hood release lever
this is located on the left side under the instrument panel. pull this lever to release __ ___.
heater and air conditioner
these warm or cool the inside of of the vehicle
this keeps the windshield and windows free of moisture
these are located above the windshield. pull this down or to the side, to help cut glare from the bright sun.
seat adjustment lever
this is usually located at the lower front or left side of the driver's seat. in vehicles with electric seats, the control are usualy on the lower left side of the driver's seat.
tools, toys, or debris
when looking around your car, you should look for
outside check #1
walk around vehicle with keys in hand and look for objects in the path you intend to take. also look for water or oil marks under the vechicle.
outside check #2
glance at the tires to see if they are inflated properly
outside check #3
notice the direction the front wheels are pointed. if they are not pointed straight ahead, the vehicle will go to the left or right as soon as you begin to drive.
outside check #4
make sure the windshield, windows, headlights, and taillights are clear. if windows are covered with snow or ice, clear them completely. do not clear off just enough for a "peephole"
outside check #5
check the back window ledge for loose objects. remove any objects before driving.
outside check #6
look inside the vehicle to be sure you do not have unwanted passengers.
getting into the vehicle #1
if you enter your vehicle from the street side, have your keys in hand ready to unlock the door. if you use a remote-control device, unlock the vehicle before you walk into the street.
getting into the vehicle #2
walk around the front of the vehicle toward the back. you then can see oncoming traffic and reduce the risk of being hit. do not open the door if an oncoming vehicle is near.
getting into the vehicle #3
get in quickly, close the door, and lock it. put the key in the ignition.
inside check #1
lock all doors. locked doors are less likely to flow open in a collision.
inside check #2
adjust the seat for comfort and best control of food pedals and steering wheel.
inside check #3
your hands should be in a balanced, comfortable position on the steering wheel with your elboys slightly bent. reach for the accelerator and brake pedal with your right foot to judge a comfortable distance. your knees should be slightly bend.
inside check #4
adjust the head restraint to the middle of the back of your head
inside check #5
adjust the inside rearview mirror.
inside check #6
adjust the left and right outside rearview mirrors.
inside check #7
fasten your safety belt and ask all passengers to fasten theirs.
how you should adjust your seat
sit with your back firmly against the back of the seat. sit high enough to see over the steering wheel. adjust the seat so that you are at least 10 inches back from the hub of the wheel to avoid injury in a crash
how the inside rearview mirror should be adjusted
the inside rearview mirror should show the area behind you through the rear window
how the left and right outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted
the left and right outside rearview mirrors should show a slight amount of the sides of the vehicle
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