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AP Government - Chapter 2 - Majoritarian or Pluralist Democracy
Terms in this set (46)
Harris, Klebold, Columbine
____ and ____murdered 12 students at ______ High School, creating a opportunity for more gun control in colorado. Elsewhere blocked by NRA.
3/4, 4/5, 69
_/_ of americans want registration of all handguns, _/_ all guns should have trigger locks, __% special licenses
One individual has the power to make all important decisions. From monarchs in ancient times to Saddam Hussein.
Government in the hands of the elite. Before it was wealthy landowners now it is military generals.
Rule by the people
______ is unclear because who are the people?
A politician who appeals to and deceives the masses by manipulating their emotions and prejudices.
______ was once a term meaning mob rule and many parties were labeled that badly, until it got into favor with 20% of world parties having the name in it.
1st school of democratic thought
Democracy school of thought: Meeting to discuss issues, voting, running for office
2nd school of democratic thought
Democracy school of thought: Government policies, freedom of religion and provision for human needs.
A view of democracy as being embodied in a decision-making process that involves universal participation, political equality, majority rule, and responsiveness. Draws on universal participation, political equality, and majority rule.
The concept that everyone in a democracy should participate in government decision making
Equality in decisions making: one vote per person, with all votes counted equally.
Majority Rule, Plurality Rule
The decision must reflect the preference of more than half of those participating; a simple majority. (2 terms)
Joke: Lincoln once had all of seven cabinet members vote against him, but he won because he never ran things _______.
All members of a group, not representatives, meet to make decisions observing political equality and majority rule. Ex. Greece, New England, Birmingham, Chicago schools, Portland. Usually rejected because complex societies require planners and professionals.
Citizens vote on elected officials to represent them and their interests in government (US has this).
The ability of politicians to respond to voters
Substantive Democratic Theory
The Procedural Democracy is often rejected because majority rule could infringe rights of the minority, so the ________ ________ _______ is used.
Substantive Democratic Theory
The view that democracy is embodied in the substance of government policies rather than in the policymaking procedure. Principles must be incorporated into government law. Democracy is not based on the procedure of making laws, but on how it ensures its citizens' liberties and rights. Ex. Bill of Rights, Amendments
are not, are, social equality
Concerning the Substantive Democratic Theory, Conservative theorists insist that civil rights _____(are, are not) economic nor social rights , while liberal theorists think they ___ (are, are not). They also disagree on whether the government should promote _____ _____.
No clear cut definition of democracy
Problem of the substantive Democratic Theory:
Can produce undesirable social policies that prey on minorities
Problem of the Procedural Democracy
The idea that all citizens are entitled to certain things that cannot be denied by the majority
Procedural democracy can make a law that hurts minority rights, which would be against substantive democracy. So _____ procedural democracy would _____ minorities and be a good compromise.
Majoritarian Model of Democracy, Pluralist Model of Democracy
What are the two institutional models of democracy that show a mechanism that translates public opinion into policybased on citizens and groups of citizens.
Majoritarian Model of Democracy
The classical and institutional model of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as by the majority of people. Depends on people's direct participation in popular elections to judge reps and that people are knowledgable about government, want to participate, and are rational.
political equality, majority rule, universal participation
Majoritarian: Elections ensure _____ _____, _____ _____, and _____ _____ when done correctly.
Majoritarian: Policy question is put on the ballot by citizens circulating petitions and gathering signatures
Majoritarian: An election on a policy issue. Only at the state-level not federal. (21 states) (16 states hold recalls like Davis in CA)
Majoritarian: __% of americans favor favor federal referendums. _/_ approve of electronic democracy.
Davis, 200, Issa, 1.6, 55, 49
Gov. ____ of CA recalled after raising car licensing fees ____%, so congressmen _____ used his wealth to recall him with ___ million signatures for a recall election and become governor. Arnold beat him because of his wife and he was well known, despite sexual harassment and lack of gov. knowledge. Result: __% Recall, __% Arnold.
Pluralist Model of Democracy
An interpretation of democracy in which government by the people is taken to mean government by the people operating through competing interest groups, that allow substantial claims to be heard. Favors the well-organized. Responsiveness shifts from people to groups, requires a decentralized government with a lot of decision makers.
__% of American adults vote.
An organized group of individuals that seek to influence public policy. Also called a lobby. Overtime, there has been less participation in these groups in America.
divided authority, decentralization, open access
Pluralist Model of Democracy requires ______ _____, _________, and _____ ______.
direct participation, knowledgable, rational
Majoritarian Model of Democracy requires people's ______ ______ in popular elections to judge reps and that people are ________ about government, and are _____.
Pluralist Model of Democracy
Which model of democracy protects minorities?
Elite theory, oligarchy
The view that a small, wealthy group of people actually makes most of the important government decisions because of their reach in key financial, communications, industrial, and governmental institutions. Companies are the best represented to support capitalism. Relies on the notion that USA is an ______. Not well supported. Ex. Dick Cheney (Halliburton to VP) and loopholes for rich.
Pluralist Model of Democracy with unequal representation of groups
Best Definition of America:
Elite vs. Pluralist: _______ democracy does not define government conflict in terms of minority v. majority; instead, it uses interest groups. Also doesn't specify that groups are equal.
responsiveness, procedural democracy
Very few countries are true democracies with full ______ to the public nor is a _______ _______..
A process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one. Africa & Afghanistan are right now is in this, but it has been hard with military uprisings and multiple ethnic groups.
_______ rulers find economic reforms threatening, but today they cannot stop communications and electronic revolutions like in China, where there is more _______ of society.
Iraqis rejected ______ because it represented ________ and an attack on their religion and lives.
India is more of a _______ ______ that is unstable with minority is oppressed by the majority causing ethnic and religious violence.
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