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Person, Place, Thing, or Idea answers who, whom, what


takes the place of a noun, can be a person place, thing or idea


key to the sentence, can be either action or linking


modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb answers the questions when, how often, where, or how an action takes place


modifies a noun, or pronoun and answers the questions: how many, which ones, what kind, and whose


a word that connects a group of words together in the sentence. never stands alone!


connects words, phrases, clauses, and sentences (but, and, or)


shows strong feeling or emotions

sentence base

two most important parts of a sentence: subject and predicate. She runs.


4 things: a group of words working together that make sense, has a subject and a predicate, begins with a capital letter, ends with a point of punctutation


a piece of writing made of 5-6 well written sentences on one topic

sentence fragment

only part of a sentence

three parts of a paragraph

introduction, body, conclusion, or beginning middle, and end

run on sentence

2 or more sentences run together without punctuation


noun/ pronoun that answers who or what before the verb

Direct object

noun or pronoun that answers what after the action verb

action verb

key to the sentence and shows action either physical or mental

linking verb

key to the sentence and links

common noun

names any person, place, thing, or idea

proper noun

names a particular person, place, thing or idea

collective noun

common noun that names a group with more than one member; examples: jury, brigade, staff


singular,(one) plural (more than one)


masculine, feminine, neuter (things)


Depends on the job that the noun does in the sentence 2 cases for nouns nominative and objective

4 reasons for nominative case

Subject predicate noun direct address

Subject noun

Noun that answers who or what before the verb

Predicate noun

Noun after a linking verb that refers back to your subject

Direct address

Name or title set from the rest of the sentence by commas e.g. Dr. Jones, please come to the office.

Noun in apposition

A word that follows a noun and renames it

4 reasons for objective case

direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, & noun in apposition

direct object

noun that answers whom or what after that action verb e.g. I picked Jane. I picked whom - Jane - Jane = dir. obj.

indirect object

noun that answers to whom/for whom - to/for is NOT in the sentence you must have an action verb & a dir. obj. e.g. Harry gave Fred the car. gave - action verb, car - dir. obj. Harry gave the car to whom - Fred - no to/for in the sentence - Fred = ind. obj.

object of the preposition

noun that end the prep. phrase e.g. They live in the next town. in the next town - prep. phrase (in - prep. town - noun) town = obj. of the prep.

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