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33 terms

Parts of Speech

STUDY
PLAY
noun
Person, Place, Thing, or Idea answers who, whom, what
pronoun
takes the place of a noun, can be a person place, thing or idea
verb
key to the sentence, can be either action or linking
adverb
modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb answers the questions when, how often, where, or how an action takes place
adjective
modifies a noun, or pronoun and answers the questions: how many, which ones, what kind, and whose
preposition
a word that connects a group of words together in the sentence. never stands alone!
conjunction
connects words, phrases, clauses, and sentences (but, and, or)
interjection
shows strong feeling or emotions
sentence base
two most important parts of a sentence: subject and predicate. She runs.
sentence
4 things: a group of words working together that make sense, has a subject and a predicate, begins with a capital letter, ends with a point of punctutation
paragraph
a piece of writing made of 5-6 well written sentences on one topic
sentence fragment
only part of a sentence
three parts of a paragraph
introduction, body, conclusion, or beginning middle, and end
run on sentence
2 or more sentences run together without punctuation
subject
noun/ pronoun that answers who or what before the verb
Direct object
noun or pronoun that answers what after the action verb
action verb
key to the sentence and shows action either physical or mental
linking verb
key to the sentence and links
common noun
names any person, place, thing, or idea
proper noun
names a particular person, place, thing or idea
collective noun
common noun that names a group with more than one member; examples: jury, brigade, staff
number
singular,(one) plural (more than one)
gender
masculine, feminine, neuter (things)
Case
Depends on the job that the noun does in the sentence 2 cases for nouns nominative and objective
4 reasons for nominative case
Subject predicate noun direct address
Subject noun
Noun that answers who or what before the verb
Predicate noun
Noun after a linking verb that refers back to your subject
Direct address
Name or title set from the rest of the sentence by commas e.g. Dr. Jones, please come to the office.
Noun in apposition
A word that follows a noun and renames it
4 reasons for objective case
direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, & noun in apposition
direct object
noun that answers whom or what after that action verb e.g. I picked Jane. I picked whom - Jane - Jane = dir. obj.
indirect object
noun that answers to whom/for whom - to/for is NOT in the sentence you must have an action verb & a dir. obj. e.g. Harry gave Fred the car. gave - action verb, car - dir. obj. Harry gave the car to whom - Fred - no to/for in the sentence - Fred = ind. obj.
object of the preposition
noun that end the prep. phrase e.g. They live in the next town. in the next town - prep. phrase (in - prep. town - noun) town = obj. of the prep.