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modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb answers the questions when, how often, where, or how an action takes place
modifies a noun, or pronoun and answers the questions: how many, which ones, what kind, and whose
4 things: a group of words working together that make sense, has a subject and a predicate, begins with a capital letter, ends with a point of punctutation
common noun that names a group with more than one member; examples: jury, brigade, staff
Depends on the job that the noun does in the sentence 2 cases for nouns nominative and objective
Name or title set from the rest of the sentence by commas e.g. Dr. Jones, please come to the office.
4 reasons for objective case
direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, & noun in apposition
noun that answers whom or what after that action verb e.g. I picked Jane. I picked whom - Jane - Jane = dir. obj.
noun that answers to whom/for whom - to/for is NOT in the sentence you must have an action verb & a dir. obj. e.g. Harry gave Fred the car. gave - action verb, car - dir. obj. Harry gave the car to whom - Fred - no to/for in the sentence - Fred = ind. obj.
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