23 terms

Ch 4 Life in the Colonies

Prentice Hall: America: HIstory of Our Nation Beginnings thru 1877
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legislature
group of pepole who have the power to make laws
bill of rights
written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
habeas corpus
principle that a person cannot be held in preson without being charged with a specific crime
freedom of the press
right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty
libel
publishing of statements that damage a person's reputation
extended family
family that includes parents & their children plus other members such as grandparents, aunts, uncles & cousins
apprentice
someone who learns a trade by working for someone in that trade for a certain period of time
gentry
upper class of colonial society
middle class
made up of small planters, independent farmers, & artisans
indentured servents
signed a contract to work from 4-10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her ocean passage to American
triangular trade
three-way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean, & Africa
racism
belief that one race is superior or inferior to another
slave codes
strict laws that restricted the rights & activities of slaves
public school
school supported by taxes
dame schools
schools that women opened in their homes to teach girls and boys to read & write
Anne Bradstreet
first colonial poet
Phillis Wheatley
enslaved in Boston, published poetry
Benjamin Franklin
best-loved colonial writer
Jonathan Edwards
Massachusetts preacher, called on peopel to examine their lives and commit themselves to God
natural rights
rights that belong to every human being from birth
divine right
believe that monarchs get their authority to rule directly from God
Magna Carta
limited monarch's power
bill of rights
lists freedoms that government must protect
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