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Politics of the United States
The Executive / Legislative Branch
McGraw Hill Chap 6 Lessons 1 & 2 Review
Terms in this set (30)
Which six states have the most electoral votes?
Florida (29), Pennsylvania (20), and Texas (38). Clinton won California (55), New York (29), and Illinois (20).
Votes are needed to win in the Electoral College
A candidate needs 270 electoral votes to win the presidency
Which two officials come after the vice president in the line of succession?
The Speaker of the House and president pro tempore of the Senate come after the vice president in terms of succession.
Why is it important to have the order of succession clearly set?
Clearly defined succession maintains order by making sure the transition is clear and smooth in an emergency.
What problem with the vice presidency was the Twenty-fifth Amendment meant to solve?
The vice presidency was left empty when the vice president had to become president.
What three requirements must a person meet to become president or vice president of the United States?
To become president, a person must be a nativeborn citizen, be at least 35 years old, and have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.
What role is given to the vice president in the constitution?
The vice president presides over the Senate and votes if there is a tie. He or she becomes president if the president should leave office.
For what reasons might the Twenty-fifth Amendment be used to replace a president?
The president could become disabled and be unable to do the job, could die in office, could resign, or could be removed from office.
What do you think is the purpose of the State of the Union address?
The State of the Union address sets the agenda for the administration.
What are the president's powers as stated in the Constitution?
The Constitution gives the president power to execute the laws passed by Congress, veto bills, call a special session of Congress, serve as commander in chief, receive leaders and other officials of foreign countries, make treaties (with Senate approval), appoint various top government officials (with Senate approval), and pardon people convicted of federal crimes.
Why is the power to pardon given to the president and not to Congress?
Pardoning, like carrying out the laws, is an executive function.
What role or roles is the president fulfilling when entering into a treaty?
Students might identify the president as head of state, chief diplomat, and/or commander in chief.
Why is the War Powers Resolution important?
The War Powers Resolution limits the president's power to send troops into combat.
a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
a pardon to a group of people
an order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the case
What influence does the president have over Congress?
The president can call special sessions, veto proposed laws, propose laws to Congress, and influence members to vote for or against bills.
How is the president's role as chief diplomat connected with the roles of head of state and commander in chief?
In the roles of chief diplomat and head of state, the president interacts with leaders of other countries. As commander in chief, he has the power to use force to support foreign policy if needed.
to give up one's office or position
an official representative of a country's government
person appointed to vote in presidential elections for president or vice president
an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
a tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it
Three major responsibilities of members of Congress are...
making laws, declare war, coin, print and regulate money
What three qualifications must a person have to be a candidate for the House of Representatives?
House: Must be at least 25, live in the state, and have been a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years.
What three qualifications must a person have to be a candidate for the Senate?
Senate: Must be at least 30, live in the state, and have been a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years.
A SENATOR represents a state/A Congress person represents a
district that's based on population, wheres senators represent the state.
a procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill
government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state
a population count taken by the Census Bureau
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