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acts of humans

an instinctive deed that is done without intellect or free will (ex: sneeze or blink)


state of being guilty and deserving of punishment


a process of thinking before you act, when you look at all the possible outcomes


anything that goes against God's will (sin)

freedom of excellence

the ability to choose the will of God and seek perfection and holiness

freedom of indifference

to choose to do what is good rather than what is evil, to choose what is right

full knowledge

to understand all of the components of deciding a moral act

human act

a deed done by a person with thought, knowledge, and free will


a lack of understanding or the ability to know

indifferent acts

these are deeds done that have no moral implication (like what color car you drive)

indirect responsibility

this means you are culpable for a deed done even though that wasn't your intention (go home, yell at mom, she runs over cat)

invincible ignorance

this is the type of unknowing or lack of an ability to learn that someone cannot overcome (handicapped)

moral act

a deed that has a connotation of right or wrong, good or evil

partial knowledge

a barrier that prevents our full understanding of all the circumstances of a moral act


virtue, or a good habit, that allows us to make good decisions


it's owning our actions and being culpable for our decisions

subjective morality

(ex: Lord of the Flies- made up own rules) when humans play God and choose to decide what's good and what's evil

vincible ignorance

knowledge that you choose not to understand


behavior involving physical force or evil

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