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231 terms

Henle Latin Vocabulary, 1st Year

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- ne
particle used in questions
absum, abesse, afui, afuturus, intr; ab w. abl.
am away, am distant
acies, aciei
battle line
adventus, us
arrival, coming
agmen, agminis
column (of soldiers); army (on the march)
ago, agere, egi, actus, 3, tr.
drive, do, act, treat
agunt
they give (w. gratias)
alienus, a, um
unfavorable, another's foreign
altus, a, um
high, deep
amicus, i
friend
angustus, a, um
narrow
arma, armorum
arms
atque (ac), conj.
and
audio, 4, tr.
hear
audivit
he, she, it heard
autem (conj, postpositive)
however
bellum, i
war
bonus, a, um
good
brevis, e
short
caedes, caedis
slaughter
caelum, i
sky
Caesar, Caesaris
Caesar
castra, castrorum
camp
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessurus, 3, intr.
give way, yield
centurio, centurionis
a centurion
Christianus, a, um
Christian
Christianus, i
Christian
Christus, i
Christ
clamor, clamoris
shouting, shout
collis, collis
hill
colloco, 1 tr.
place, station
communis, e
common
compleo, complere, complevi, competus, 2, tr.
fill (with) w. abl.
contendo, contendere, contendi, 3, intr.
strive, content, hasten
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventum, 4, intr.
come together, assemble
copia, ae
supply, abundance
copiae, copiarum, f.
troops, forces (a military term)
corpus, corporis, n.
body
cum (prep w. abl)
with
cupidus, a, um, (w. gen.)
eager, desirous
cur, adv.
why?
de, prep. w. abl.
concerning, about
dederunt
they gave
dedit
he, she, it gave
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus, 3, tr.
defend
Deus, Dei
God
difficilis, e
difficult
do, dare, dedi, datus, 1, tr.
give
dominus, i
master, Lord
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus, 3, tr.
lead, guide
dux, ducis
leader
ego, mei
I
enim, conj., postp.
for
eques, equitis
horseman (pl., calvary)
equitatus, us
cavalry
erant
they were
erat
he, she, it was
et (conjunction)
and
et...et
both...and
etiam, adv.
also
exercitus, us
army
facilis, e
easy
fecerunt
they made
fides, fedei
faith, reliability, faithfulness
filius, i
son
fines, finium, m.
territory
finitimus, a, um (w. dat)
neighboring, next
flumen, fluminis
river
fortis, e
brave, strong
fortiter, adv.
bravely, strongly
frater, fratris (fratrum)
brother
frumentum, i
grain (pl. crops)
Gallia, ae
Gaul
Gallus, i
a Gaul
gens, gentis
tribe
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus, 3, tr.
carry, carry on, wage (w. bellum)
gladius, i
sword
gloria, ae
fame, glory
gratia, ae
favor, influence, grace (in Christian Latin)
gratiae, gratiarum
thanks
gravis, e
heavy, severe, serious
habeo, 2, tr.
have
hiberna, hibernorum
winter quarters
homo, hominis
man
hostis, hostis
enemy (in war)
ibi, adv.
therefore, and so
impedimenta, impedimentorum
baggage, baggage train
imperator, imperatoris
commander
imperium, i
command, power, empire
impetus, us
attack
in (prep w.abl)
in, on
in (prep w.acc)
in, into, against, upon, on
in principio
in the beginning
in saecula saeculorum
world without end, forever
incolunt
they inhabit
inopia, ae
scarcity, want
instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus, 3, tr.
draw up, equip
interim, adverb
meanwhile
is, ea, id
he, she, it
itaque (conj)
therefore, and so
iter, itineris, n.
journey, march, route
Jesus, u
Jesus
laudant
they praise
laudare
to praise
laudat
he, she, it praises
laudatus
having been praised
laudavi
I praised
laudo, 1, tr.
I praise
legio, legionis, f.
legion
lex, legis
law
litterae, litterarum
letter (i.e., an epistle), dispatch
locus, i (pl., loca, locorum)
place
longe, adv.
far, by far
longus, a, um
long
lux, lucis
light
magnus, a, um
great, large
malus, a, um
bad
maneo, manere, mansi, mansurus, 2, intr.
remain
Maria, ae
Mary
mater, matris (matrum)
mother
metus, us
fear
miles, militis
soldier
mitto, mittere, misi, missus, 3, tr.
send
moneo, 2, tr.
warn, advise
mons, montis, m.
mountain
mors, mortis
death
moveo, movere, movi, motus, 2, tr.
move
multus, a, um
much (pl. many)
mundus, i
world
munio, 4, tr.
fortify, construct (w. viam or vias)
muniverunt
they fortified, they constructed (w. viam or vias)
murus, i
wall
nauta, ae
sailor
neque, conj.
nor, and...not
nobilis, e
noble, renowned
nomen, nominis
name
non (adverb)
not
nos, nostri
we
numerus, i
number
nunc (adverb)
now
occiderunt
they killed
occupo, 1, tr.
seize
occupugno, 1, tr.
attack, assault
omnis, e
all, every
oppidum, i
town
orant
they pray
orat
he, she, it prays
oratio, orationis
speech, prayer
oro, 1, tr.
beg, pray
paro, 1, tr.
prepare, get ready
pars, partis
part
pater, patris (patrum)
father
pax, pacis
peace
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus, 3, tr.
drive, repulse, rout
per, prep. w. acc.
through
periculum, i
danger
peto, petere, petivi, petitus, 3, tr.
seek, beg, request
plenus, a, um; (w. gen or abl)
full
pono, ponere, posui, positus, 3, tr.
put, place, set, pitch (w. castra)
pons, pontis, m.
bridge
populus, i
people, nation
porta, ae
gate
porto, 1, tr.
carry
portus, us
harbor
post (prep w.acc)
after, behind
posuerunt
they put, they placed
posuerunt
they put, they placed, they pitched (w. castra)
praemium, ae
reward
prima luce
at dawn
primus, a, um
first
princeps, principis
chief, leading man
pro (prep w. abl)
in front of (before); on behalf of (for)
propter (prep w.acc)
on account of
provincia, ae
province
pugno, 1, intr.
fight
quid
what?
quid, pronoun
what?
quis, pronoun
who?
quod (conj)
because
regnum, i
kingdom, royal power
reliquus, a, um
remaining, the rest of
res, rei
thing, affair
rex, regis
king
Roma, ae
Rome
Romanus, a, um
Roman
Romanus, i
a Roman
saepe, adv.
often
salus, salutis
safety, welfare, salvation
sanctus, a, um
holy, saint
sed (conj)
but
semper, adv.
always
senatus, us
senate
servus, i
slave, servant
sicut, conj.
as
signum, i
standard, signal, sign
silva, ae
forest
similis, e; (w. gen or dat)
like, similar
spes, spei
hope
spiritus, us
breath, spirit
sui
himself, herself, itself
sum, esse, fui, futurus, intr.
am
supero, 1, tr.
overcome, conquer, surpass
sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentus, 2, tr.
sustain, withstand
tamen, adv.
nevertheless
telum, i
dart
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus, 2, tr.
hold
terra, ae
earth, land
terreo, 2, tr.
terrify
timeo, timere, timui, 2, tr.
fear
tu, tui
you (sing.)
tutus, a, um
safety, welfare, salvation
ubi, adv.
where?
undique, adv.
from all sides, on all sides
urbs, urbis
city
venerunt
they came
venio, venire, veni, ventum, 4, intr.
come
venit
he, she, it came
veritas, veritatis
truth
via, ae
road, way
vicerunt
they conquered
victoria, ae
victory
vident
they see
video, videre, vidi, visus, 2, tr.
see
videt
he, she, it sees
videtis
you (pl) see
vinco, vincere, vici, victus, 3, tr.
conquer
virtus, virtutis
courage, virtue
voco, 1, tr.
call
vos, vestri
you (pl)
vox, vocis
voice, cry
vulnus, vulneris, n.
wound