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refers to something outside the poem or things placed in time, culture or tradition.
comparison between two things to imply identity which brings new shades of meaning to the poem.
possessing more than one meaning; can leave the meaning unsettled.
a state of feeling that includes more than one emotion.
direct address to something or someone you wouldn't ordinarily address.
choice of words or group of words
the running of a sentence from one line into the next without punctuation
figure of speech
a word or group of words that are not to be taken literally; e.g. metaphor, personification, simile, allusion
a vivid picture or other appeal to the senses
twisting of words out of their natural order
saying one thing when you mean something else
a biting or hurtful form of irony
the speaker says less than what he/she means.
exaggeration for effect.
replacing the real name of a thing with the name of something associated with it.
naming of a thing by imitating the sound associated with it
a statement combines opposites; type of irony
attributing human qualities to non-human things
a comparison between two things using like or as
something that stands for something else
repetition of sounds
repeating vowel sounds
unharmonious combinations of sounds to evoke discomfort in reader
a single rhythmic unit
a row of words considered as a unit
lines can be any length, any rhythm
repetition of a single foot or pattern of feet
the total of the words that make a poem persuasive
repetition of sounds
the totality of the poem's sound - rhyme, rhythm, speed, consonants and vowels and combinations
the natural flow of stressed and unstressed syllables
stress or accent
natural emphasis placed on syllables
fictional representation of a person
the event, reason etc. that moves a poet to write a poem
"speaker" of the poem, usually a mask or character adopted by a poet
an attitude or role assumed for effect
time and place in which the events of poem take place
circumstances or conditions in which a poem takes place or the speaker finds himself
the fictional character who is "speaking" the words of the poem eve if the poem is just read
attitude of the speaker or poet
can mean the artist's style, the personality of the speaker or poet
once folk poetry written in short, musical rhyming stanzas. Often telling sad, tragic or gory stories, though we can find love poems as ballads, too.
verse that takes the shape of its subject
pair of lines that seem to belong together often because of rhyme
soliloquy (dramatic monologue)
a poem spoken by a single speaker imagined alone speaking to himself
a very short poem
an epigram memoralizing a deceased person
an adaptation of Arabic verse usually a series of couplets
a Japanese poetic form. In English, arranged in three lines with syllables numbering 5-7-5.
verse intended for public performance
poetic language in an unlined form
a poem in fourteen lines
a group of lines that appear to belong together
verse written according to syllable count
a poem that expresses universal truth via fictional characters & actions, which have symbolic meaning
a poem that celebrates the persistence of humanity; people succeed in some delightful way.
makes humor out of material we would ordinarily dread
general agreement about how to do something
is a convention that died of overuse e.g. "cherry lips"
verse that strongly advocates a point of view (as in political or moral poetry)
poetry to be performed by actors
a poem of lamentation or sorrow
a long public poem telling the story how a community or nation was formed
a type or kind of poetry, literature or art
poetry that is playful or humorous
usually short, personal, musical poetry
a story that explains or examines the universe, a culture or persistent human questions or truths
poetry tells a story
Old English (Anglo-Saxon)
earliest recorded version of English (500-1000 A.D.); language found in Beowulf; short, gruff, concrete words - like house, stone, man, knife are from Old English.
a poem hat makes fun of another poem
a poem that holds up a particular social behavior for ridicule
a poem that explores human limits by recounting the downfall of an admirable but flawed figure; tragedy explores how character is fate
another word for poetry