How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

73 terms

Quiz 2

STUDY
PLAY
allusion
refers to something outside the poem or things placed in time, culture or tradition.
metaphor
comparison between two things to imply identity which brings new shades of meaning to the poem.
ambiguity
possessing more than one meaning; can leave the meaning unsettled.
ambivalence
a state of feeling that includes more than one emotion.
apostrophe
direct address to something or someone you wouldn't ordinarily address.
diction
choice of words or group of words
enjambment
the running of a sentence from one line into the next without punctuation
figure of speech
a word or group of words that are not to be taken literally; e.g. metaphor, personification, simile, allusion
Image
a vivid picture or other appeal to the senses
inversion
twisting of words out of their natural order
Irony
saying one thing when you mean something else
sarcasm
a biting or hurtful form of irony
understatement
the speaker says less than what he/she means.
overstatement (bathos)
exaggeration for effect.
metonymy
replacing the real name of a thing with the name of something associated with it.
onomatopoeia
naming of a thing by imitating the sound associated with it
oxymoron
a statement combines opposites; type of irony
personification
attributing human qualities to non-human things
simile
a comparison between two things using like or as
symbol
something that stands for something else
alliteration
repetition of sounds
assonance
repeating vowel sounds
dissonance
unharmonious combinations of sounds to evoke discomfort in reader
foot
a single rhythmic unit
line
a row of words considered as a unit
free verse
lines can be any length, any rhythm
meter
repetition of a single foot or pattern of feet
rhetoric
the total of the words that make a poem persuasive
rhyme
repetition of sounds
Music
the totality of the poem's sound - rhyme, rhythm, speed, consonants and vowels and combinations
rhythm
the natural flow of stressed and unstressed syllables
stress or accent
natural emphasis placed on syllables
character
fictional representation of a person
occasion
the event, reason etc. that moves a poet to write a poem
persona
"speaker" of the poem, usually a mask or character adopted by a poet
pose
an attitude or role assumed for effect
setting
time and place in which the events of poem take place
situation
circumstances or conditions in which a poem takes place or the speaker finds himself
speaker
the fictional character who is "speaking" the words of the poem eve if the poem is just read
tone
attitude of the speaker or poet
voice
can mean the artist's style, the personality of the speaker or poet
ballad
once folk poetry written in short, musical rhyming stanzas. Often telling sad, tragic or gory stories, though we can find love poems as ballads, too.
concrete poetry
verse that takes the shape of its subject
couplet
pair of lines that seem to belong together often because of rhyme
soliloquy (dramatic monologue)
a poem spoken by a single speaker imagined alone speaking to himself
epigram
a very short poem
epitaph
an epigram memoralizing a deceased person
ghazal
an adaptation of Arabic verse usually a series of couplets
haiku
a Japanese poetic form. In English, arranged in three lines with syllables numbering 5-7-5.
performance poetry
verse intended for public performance
prose poem
poetic language in an unlined form
sonnet
a poem in fourteen lines
stanza
a group of lines that appear to belong together
syllabic poetry
verse written according to syllable count
allegory
a poem that expresses universal truth via fictional characters & actions, which have symbolic meaning
comedy
a poem that celebrates the persistence of humanity; people succeed in some delightful way.
black comedy
makes humor out of material we would ordinarily dread
convention
general agreement about how to do something
cliché
is a convention that died of overuse e.g. "cherry lips"
didactic poetry
verse that strongly advocates a point of view (as in political or moral poetry)
dramatic poetry
poetry to be performed by actors
elegy
a poem of lamentation or sorrow
epic
a long public poem telling the story how a community or nation was formed
genre
a type or kind of poetry, literature or art
light verse
poetry that is playful or humorous
lyric poetry
usually short, personal, musical poetry
myth
a story that explains or examines the universe, a culture or persistent human questions or truths
narrative poetry
poetry tells a story
Old English (Anglo-Saxon)
earliest recorded version of English (500-1000 A.D.); language found in Beowulf; short, gruff, concrete words - like house, stone, man, knife are from Old English.
parody
a poem hat makes fun of another poem
satire
a poem that holds up a particular social behavior for ridicule
tragedy
a poem that explores human limits by recounting the downfall of an admirable but flawed figure; tragedy explores how character is fate
verse
another word for poetry