Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (17)
Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
December 8, 1863 proclamation that offered amnesty to all southern whites that took an oath of allegiance to the Union and accepted the abolition of slavery.
Republicans that wanted to punish the South. They did not trust oaths of allegiance and wanted to help freed blacks by confiscating land from former Confederates.
Wade-Davis Reconstruction Bill
An 1864 reconstruction bill that was very strict. It imposed very harsh requirements on the loyalty oath, meaning that very few Confederates qualified for amnesty. Lincoln vetoed it.
President after Lincoln's assassination. He was a Southern Democrat and valued his Southern heritage over his obligation to the US. He wanted to punish Southern aristocrats and empower freed blacks. He was a weak president and was nearly impeached.
Farmer who owned relatively little land and few or no slaves. They were poor and Andrew Johnson attempted to support them and better their situation.
Proclamations of May 29, 1865
Two proclamations made by Andrew Johnson. He offered amnesty to all but the highest ranking Confederates and gave amnesty to people with assets worth more than $20,000. He also made a provisional governor for North Carolina and directed the establishment of a new state government.
Laws passed by Southern states that restricted the rights and liberties of former slaves.
Position that resembled slavery that was created and enforced by the Black Codes.
Locomotives, freight cars, and other types of wheeled equipment owned by railroads.
Federal agency created in 1865 to supervise newly freed people. It oversaw relations between whites and blacks in the South, issued food rations, and supervised labor contracts.
Payment of workers' wages with a share of the crop rather than with cash.
Working land in return for a share of the crops instead of paying cash rent.
40 acres and a mule
Largely unfulfilled hope of many former slaves that they would receive free land from the confiscated property of ex-Confederates.
Slavery meant that many blacks were not taught to read. After the end of the war, efforts were made to teach freedmen to read. Literacy was 30% in 1880 and rose to 52% in 1900.
Civil Rights bill
A bill that was proposed to extend the life and power of the Freedman's bureau. The bill also defined freepeople as citizens and gave them equal rights and empowered federal courts to enforce it. Johnson vetoed the bill.
A Constitutional amendment that defined all people born in or naturalized into the United States as citizens will full and equal rights. It greatly expanded civil rights and ratifying it was a requirement for reconstruction and reentry into the United States.
National Union Party
A new party created in 1866 by Andrew Johnson, conservative Republicans, Democrats, and border-state Unionists. The party was a failure, mainly because of Democrats' reputation and Johnson himself.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR