Types of Credit

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Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM)
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Terms in this set (55)
CollateralSomething valuable that the lender can take as payment if you can't or don't repay your secured loanConsolidation LoanA loan that combines two or more education loans into a single loan, allowing the borrower to make a single monthly paymentCosignerSomeone who legally agrees to take responsibility for a person's debt if they cannot repay itCredit CardA plastic card that allows you to make purchases now with borrowed money, which then you must repay to the lender in one lump sum or in monthly payments with interestCredit Card AgreementA legal document that outlines the terms and conditions for using your credit cardCredit LimitThe maximum amount that may be borrowed on a credit cardCredit UnionA nonprofit financial institution that is owned by its members and organized for their benefitCrowdfundingThe practice of funding a project or venture by raising many small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the InternetDefaultLong-term failure to repay a loan according to the terms agreed to, which has a substantial negative impact on the borrower's credit scoreDirect Plus LoansA federal loan available to graduate or professional students and eligible parents of dependent undergraduate students to help pay for the cost of the student's education at participating schoolsDirect Subsidized LoanA federal student loan available to undergraduate students; the federal government pays interest on the loan as long as the student is in school at least part-timeDirect Unsubsidized LoanA federal student loan available to undergraduate and graduate students; the student is responsible for paying the interest during the time they are in school, which means they must pay that interest while studying or have it rolled into the principal amount of their loanDown PaymentA partial payment made in cash at the beginning of the purchase of a good or service, while the remaining balance is due later or is financed as part of a loanFixed-Rate LoanA loan with an interest rate that does not change over the life of the loanFixed-Rate MortgageA mortgage that has a fixed interest rate for the entire term of the loan as long as ontime payments are being madeGrace PeriodThe number of days between a borrower's statement date and when payment is due, often without accruing interestHome EquityThe value of ownership built up in a home or property that represents the current market value of the house minus any remaining mortgage paymentsHome-Equity LoanA consumer loan extended to a homeowner that uses the borrower's home as collateralInstallment LoanLoan used to finance a specific purchase for a specific amount of time, during which regular payments pay the accrued interest and a portion of the principalInterestThe amount you owe as the cost of borrowing moneyInterest RateThe rate charged for borrowing money usually expressed as a percent of the amount borrowedIntroductory APRThe typically low rate charged during the introductory period after a credit account is opened, after which the regular, typically higher, APR will applyJoint AccountA bank or credit account that is shared between two or more people which allows everyone named on the account to access the fundsLate Payment FeeA fee charged if your payment is received after the due dateLeaseA contract (often used for cars or property) by which one party gives property to another for a specified time, usually in return for a periodic paymentLoanAn agreement where you are credited with a fixed amount of money for a fixed period of time, usually with interestMinimum PaymentThe smallest amount of a credit card bill that a credit card holder must pay during a billing cycle to remain in good standing with the lenderMicro CreditA method of lending very small sums to individuals, typically in developing countries, to start or expand a small businessMortgageA loan taken by individuals and businesses to make real estate purchases without paying the entire value of the purchase up frontNet PriceThe actual cost a student pays to attend a school, calculated as the sticker price minus grants and scholarshipsOverdraft ProtectionA loan banks offer to their customers when they try to withdraw more funds than they have in their account, usually for a fee and with interestPayday LoanA small loan, offered through a business, lent at a high interest rate, and meant to be paid as soon as you receive your next paycheckPeer-To-Peer LendingA method of debt financing that enables individuals to borrow and lend money without the use of a financial institution as an intermediaryPenalty APRA higher interest rate triggered by being late with or missing a credit card paymentPrincipalOriginal amount of money borrowed, separate from interest or feesPersonal LoanA type of loan issued by a bank, credit union or online lender that you pay back in fixed monthly payments, typically over two to seven yearsRevolving CreditAn open line of credit that can be used for any purchases as long as you are under the limit; its payments vary monthly based on size of the debtSchumer BoxA standard table that legally must appear in a credit card agreement showing basic information about the card's rates and feesSecured Credit CardA type of credit card that requires the borrower to pay the company a fixed, up-front amount of money as collateral, which becomes the credit limit of the card, thereby making it low-risk to the credit card companySecured DebtDebt tied to a specific tangible asset that can be used as collateral and repossessed if payments are not madeSmall Business LoanA loan used to fund expenses connected with operating a small businessStatementA monthly record of your account transactions provided by your credit card company electronically or on paperTermThe amount of time you have to repay your entire loanUnsecured DebtDebt not tied to a specific asset, making it difficult or impossible for the lender to repossess items if payments are not madeVariable-Rate LoanA loan in which the interest rate can change, based on prime rate or index rate, over the course of the loan