29 terms

WH Unit 1: Rise of Democracy

STUDY
PLAY
10 commandments
moral code of laws, written by god and given to moses
5 pilars of islam
1. Affirmation 2. prayer 5X day facing east 3. alms giving 4. fasting during Ramadam 5. pilgrimage to Meca
aristocracy
government by nobility; hereditary nobility; privileged class;
Aristotle
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.
Athens
a city-state in ancient Greece; the capital of modern-day Greece
autocracy
a political system governed by a single individual
Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
constitutional monarchy
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
constitution
law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
democracy
a type of government in which power rests with the people
dictatorship
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Hammurabi's code
one of the world's first law codes, compiled by the ruler Hammurabi
Islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran. It governs their civilization and way of life.
Judaism
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
monarchy
an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
monotheism
belief in a single God
philosophers
Greek thinkers who believed the human mind could understand everything.
Plato
ancient Athenian philosopher; Student of Socrates, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society
plebeians
lower class, usually small farmers
polis
A city-state in ancient Greece
republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
roman legal system
led to unity and stability in the Roman empire; 2 systems (civil law & law of nations)
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
socrates
Athenian philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason, later became Socratic method. condemned to death for corrupting young minds.
Sparta
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess
theocracy
a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
Oligarchy
A government ruled by a few powerful people
patricians
The wealthy, hereditary aristocrats during the Roman era.
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