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29 terms

Chapter 8

The Greek Adventure
STUDY
PLAY
Alexander the Great
356-323 BCE; son of King Philip II of Macedon. Remembered for his conquest of the Persian Empire and most of the Near East
Antigonid Kingdom
One of the Hellenistic successor kingdoms to Alexander the Great's empire. Included most of Greece and Asia Minor.
aristocracy
a social governing class based on birth
Cleisthenes
A sixth century BCE Athenian tyrant who laid the foundations of polis democracy
democracy
a system of government in which the majority of voters decides issues and policy
Hellenistic kingdoms
Kingdoms carved out of the empire conquered by Alexander the Great. Blended Greek and Asiatic cultures; extant in the Mediterranean basin and Middle East between 300 BCE and 200 CE
Homer
Legendary author of the two epic poems of ancient Greece, the Iliad and the Oddysey
Iliad
The first of the two epics supposedly written by Homer in eigth-century Greece
Messenian Wars
Conflicts between the neighbors Sparta and Messenia that resulted in Messenia's conquest by Sparta in about 600 BCE
Minoans
ancient civilization that was centered on crete between 2000 and 1400 BCE
monarchy
rule by a single individual who often claims divine inspiration and protection
Mycenaeans
earliest known Indo-European people who settled on the Greek peninsula 1600-1100 BCE
Odyssey
2nd of Homers 2 epic poems...detailing the adventures of homeward-bound Ulysses coming from the siege of Troy
Oligarchy
rule by a few
Peloponnesian War
The great civil war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies in ancient Greece; fought between 429-404 BCE and eventually won by Sparta
Pericles
the Athenian democratic leader and spokesman who died in the midst of the Peloponnesian War in the fifth cent. BCE
Persian Wars
conflict between the Greeks and the Persian Empire in the fifth century BCE, fought in two installments and ending with Greek victory
polis
the political and social community of citizens in ancient Greece
Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt
Egyptian state created by Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Great's generals, in the Hellenistic Era
Seleucid Kingdom of Persia
One of the 3 Hellenistic Kingdoms, the successor state to the empire of Alexander the Great in most of the Middle East.
megaron
central hearth and "mead hall" where kings and their warriors retreated to drink and feast
dorians
nomads from the north
Dark Age
1100 BCE-800 BCE
Pisistratus
aristocratic tyrant
ekklesia
town meeting of all free male Athenians
boule
council of 500 citizens chosen in 1 yr. terms
deme
precinct or ward
helotry
slavery
ephors
elected officers that ruled the state in Sparta