39 terms

Unit 1- ES Review

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Terms in this set (...)

Oceanography
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
Science
a system of knowledge about the natural world and the methods used to find that knowledge
Earth Science
the name for all sciences that collectively seek to understand Earth
Hydrosphere
Water portion of Earth
Biosphere
all life on Earth
Atmosphere
gaseous portion of the Earth
Geosphere
rocky portion of the Earth
Destructive Force
weathering and erosion work to wear away high points and flatten out the surface
Constructive Force
mountain building and volcanism build up the surface by raising the land and depositing new material
System
any size group of interacting parts that form a complex as a whole
Renewable
can be replenished over relatively short time spans
Non-renewable
process to recreate takes millions of years
Hypothesis
a tentative explanation that is tested to determine if it is valid
Theory
a well-tested and widely accepted view that explains certain observable facts
The _____ strongly influences the other three "spheres" because without life their makeup and nature would be much different
biosphere
The science that includes the study of the composition and movements of water, as well as coastal processes, the seafloor, and marine life is _________.
Oceanographys
The science that deals with the study of the atmosphere is:
Meteorology
What makes a hypothesis scientifically useful?
It can be tested
The theory that Earth's lithosphere is broken into large sections that move is called
Plate Tectonics
What are the main areas of Earth Science?
astronomy, geology, oceanography, meteorology
The area of Earth science that examines the physical and biological changes that have occurred in Earth's past is called
historical geology
According to the nebular hypothesis, our solar system formed from a huge rotating cloud made mostly of
helium and hydrogen
Which of Earth's spheres includes the oceans, groundwater, lakes and glaciers?
hydrosphere
The asthenosphere and lithosphere are parts of Earth's
geosphere
What are the three main parts of the geosphere?
crust, mantel, core
The theory of plate tectonics helps scientists explain
how earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur
We can say that Earth is a system because all of its parts
interact
What would be one of the interacting parts in a weather system?
clouds, sun, rain, etc.
What are powered by the energy from Earth's interior?
volcanoes
Name an example of a renewable resource?
plants, animals, cotton fibers, etc.
Name an environmental hazard created by humans?
air pollution, erosion, etc.
A scientific hypothesis can become a theory if
the hypothesis is tested extensively and competing hypotheses are eliminated
Mountain building and volcanism are examples of
Constructive Forces
A system of knowledge about the natural world and the methods used to find that knowledge is
Science
Layers of the Earth were formed due to
density of elements
What is the rocky portion of Earth?
geosphere
Name a non-renewable source?
oil, natural gas, coal, iron
What is the first step of the Scientific Method?
Ask Questions
What is one of the largest problems for the environment?
Human Factor