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Chapter 21 Section 3

Name two causes of the thirty years war

the various religions trying to gain followers and Calvinism starting to spread. Bohemian Protestants revolt.

Four Consequences of the war and the Peace of Westphalia

1: Weakened the Hapsburg states of Spain and Austria 2: Strengthened France by giving German territory 3: made German princes independent of Roman Emperor 4: Ended religious wars Europe
5: Introduced a new method of peace.

2 differences between the economies of western and central Europe

Central- serfs never get freedom. Also Mercantalism/Capitalism
Western- Serfs slowly won freedom and became the middle class, also no freedoms.

Name two reasons why central European empires were weak

30 years war-> no absolute rulers
Weak German States
Ottoman Empire Declined

Note 3 steps the Hapsburgs took to become more powerful

1- army and centralized gov't
2- Austria conquers Bohemia-> spreads catholocism
3- Retook Hungary

Name three steps the Hohenzollerns took to build up their state

1 frederick william created standing army->Junkers noble class
2 Permenant Taxation
3. Frederick the Great- religious toleration

Balance of Power in Europe

Austria, Prussia, France, England, and Russia.

Fought over control of German States

Prussia vs Austria

For overseas Empire

Britain vs France

War of Austrian Succession

Border dispute between Prussia and Austria
GB and Austria VS France and Prussia.
Prussia gains territory and becomes major power.

Seven YEars War

Austria, France, Russia vs GB and prussia, true world war no territorial changes.

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