15 terms

Declaration of Independence

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Who is responsible for writing MOST of the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
What is the "fundamental principle of American Government"?
All men are created equal
Which groups were excluded in the statement, "All men are created equal"?
Women and African Americans
Which group is represented in the statement, "All men are created equal"?
All white men who owned land
What do inalienable rights mean?
If you are born in the United States no one can take away your rights
What three inalienable rights are you endowed with according to the Declaration of Independence?
Life, liberty, and the pursuit to happiness
What does "to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, derived among men, deriving their just powers from the governed" mean?
The purpose of government is to protect the rights of the people
Which of the four main ideas means, "If the government does not protect the rights of the people, it is the right of the people to change their government"?
"Whenever any form of governments becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it"
Against whom were grievances listed?
King George III
Why was it important to list grievances in the Declaration of Independence?
To prove colonists' rights had been violated and they had the right to form a new government
What concludes the Declaration of Independence?
A formal statement declaring the colonists' independence from England
Who was the author of "Common Sense"?
Thomas Paine
Common Sense was written to
Encourage colonists to fight for independence
What is liberty?
Freedom
What is the pursuit of happiness?
The right to live a life that makes you happy