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Major Test - 1 (Sacramental Church)
Terms in this set (45)
Church begins with Jesus
Because god is always, church is always.
Three ways in which Jesus fully understood himself to be Jewish
1. Preached monotheism, belief in one god.
2.Accepted sacredness of the moral teachings of the Torah.
3.Believed Jews had a special covenant with God.
1. Historical Jesus - Biography
2. Earthly Jesus - Mission
3. Spiritual Jesus - Mass
What is the purpose of the Synoptic Gospels and what is the literary technique that is used to write them?
1. No. Purpose was to attract converts to the new faith.
2. Technique used in Gospels was "Midrash".
Two types of Midrash
Jewish Social Classes
1. Pharisees (ID: Jewish Religious Leaders) (Why anti-Jesus: Jesus not religious enough for them)
2. Sadducees (ID: Jewish Aristocrats) (Why anti-Jesus: Jesus was a threat to their power)
3. Zealots (ID: Jewish rebels) (Why anti-Jesus: Jesus was too peaceful.)
Make a distinction between the "Jesus of History" and the "Christ of Faith."
Jesus of History is his Jewishness, where Jesus lived into solidarity with the destitute victoms of his own age. Christ of Faith is the guy who theologically, spiritually we understand.
What is "The Character of Your God?"
If you are in debt, every 7 years your debts are eliminated.
Gnostics say you have a spiritual self and material self.
Make a distinction between the 'Life Tradition' and the 'Death Tradition.'
Life Tradition: from the time you are born, until the time you die, you must respect people no matter what.
Death Tradition: if you are a slave, and you are mistreated, you must suffer but you will be okay when you go to Heavan.
Christianity's 'radical resistance'
There is injustice in equality. Rather than join in and be apart of this injustice in equality but want to be as followers of Jesus, we will have no part in this.
How does Fr. Raymond Brown criticize Crossan
For suggesting that Jesus and the gospel can be read shorn of supernatural intent and doctrinal insight. Talking about Jesus' divinity, you have to accept his miracles and you must accept everyone for how they are.
Crossan's The Birth of Christianity
it defends some controversial propositions begun in Crossan's earlier studies of Jesus, history's most famous Palestinian peasant. How Jesus lived his life.
Allen's The Human Jesus
A helpful overview of historical Jesus books before, including and since Albert Schweitzer's classic 1906 survey of over 200 German academics who had weighed in, often ponderously, on the subject, beginning with Herman Samuel Reimarus' daring Fragments, published between 1774 and 1778.
Major sources Crossan uses?
"Gospel of Thomas" its earliest substance, consisting of wisdom sayings from Jesus, predates, like the accepted Q source, the earliest canonical gospels and, along with an early core of the Didache, provides a window into the rural communities of reistance left behind in lower Galilee after Jesus' death.
Social Class: Ruler
ID: Roman Emperor ; How Paul Fits In? Roman Citizen
Social Class: Governing
ID: Advisors to the Emperor (Aristocrats) ; How Paul Fits In? Assists them
Social Class: Retainer
ID: Assist the Governing Class ; How Paul Fits In? Born into the class
Social Class: Merchants
1. High --- Luxary
2. Low --- Household items
ID: Sell stuff ; How Paul Fits In? Merchant
Social Class: Priests
ID: Religious Leaders ; How Paul Fits In? He wanted to be a Priest
Social Class: Peasants:
ID: Subsistant Farmers---Land Owners ; How Paul Fits In? He preaches to them
Social Class: Artisans
ID: Make stuff--- Do not own land ; How Paul Fits In? He preaches to them
Social Class: Unclean
ID: Criminals, beggers ; How Paul Fits In? He preaches to them
Examples that define cities in antiquity (People in antiquity defined these characteristics as "cultural attributes.")
Schools, Marketplaces, Public Buildings, Theaters, Gyms, Walls, Fountains
Not a characteristic of a city in antiquity
3 largest cities in Roman Empire
Antioch, Rome, and Alexandria
How are those 3 cities referred as?
A backward Biography
How is it different from a Contemporary Biography
A contemporary biography knows about the person while a Prospographical study is to find out who person X is and who they are and what they like
What type of Society did Paul live in?
Advanced Agrarian Society
What are Characteristics of this type of society?
2. Planned Economy
3. Division of labor
How did citizens of Roman Empire identify themselves?
What was found on the Libellus?
Social Class, Where you are from, Religion
Differences between Early Followers and Apostles of Jesus
1. Believed in the Resurrection of Jesus
2. Believed he was the Messiah
Apostles, Stephen, and Gentiles
1. First group to break with Jewish Tradition
2. Leader was Stephen who was denounced and arrest by the Sanhedrin
3. Stephen was stoned to death
Major Question Facing The Church
"Is this going to be a church for everyone or is this simply a Church that is and will remain part of the Jewish Tradition?"
Jewish Messiah = Jesus resurrection
Jesus as Messiah and Jesus resurrection
Why is Paul uniquely qualified to make this statement?
Only person in early Church who fits into all Social Classes
What are the infrastructural foundations of the Roman Emipre in Paul's time?
Shipping or Roads, so he can try and convert people to Judaism
How is the problem over membership in the new Church resolved?
Members don't have to be circumsized, but they must follow certain dietary laws
What is decided at this meeting?
1. Circumcision is not required of Gentiles
2. Don't have to be Jewish but have to follow Jewish laws
2a. No food is offered as sacrifice to the idols
2b. Illicit sexual intercourse is forbidden
2c. Certain Jewish dietary regulations(No meat with blood still in it)
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