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25 Trees

Eastern white pine

clusters of 5; 3-5" soft needles; most valuable for lumber in Maine; grow very tall

Red pine

long needles; clusters of 2; not as soft; flexible, reddish, peeling bark


only deciduous conifer

Black spruce

needles curl up; hairs on twigs have glands

Red spruce

spiky; single needles on wooden stalks

Eastern hemlock

flat needles that occur singly; small, dark green, tapered; papery buds

Balsam fir

Christmas tree; needles are a little longer than the hemlock; parallel sides; sticky buds with small resin pockets; tell age by whorls

Northern white cedar

Used for housing/fencing; resistant to water, rot, and insects; scale-like

Common juniper

very short; very sharp needles, either opposite or whorled; produces black berries in the fall

Quaking aspen

round leaves; flattened petiole causes quivering in wind; very fast growing bark; can photosynthesize well

Bigtooth aspen

has very dentate leaves; orbicular leaves; beavers like it; not good for firewood

Paper birch

peeling bark, really good fire starter, circle-shaped, double-serrate, green and brown buds

Gray birch

triangle-shaped leaves, rots easily, wildlife habitat, double-serrate

Yellow birch

oval-shaped, double-serrate, little hairs on outside of leaf; if you scratch bark of twig it smells like Wintergreen

Speckled alder

speckled gray bark, white spots help tree observer, oxygen, double-serrate, buds are blunt, red, light bulb shaped, deciduous conifer that has cones

White oak

rounded edges, like to grow in deeper, rich soils, produces acorns, valuable wood, not as common as Red oak in ME

Northern red oak

multiple lobes (7-9) that end in a sharp point, used for hardwood floors, redness in bark cracks

American elm

double-serrate; leaves feel like sandpaper

American beech

football-shaped leaves, pinnate venation, hooks on margin, 45 degree angle long and sharp buds, produces beech nuts

American mountain-ash

red berries, odd-pinnately compound, single serrate, leaves cigar-shaped

Black cherry

good for webworms, spear-shaped eliptical/lanceolate leaves, serrate, rusty peach fuzz, very valuable for floors/cupboards

Sugar maple

Canada. 3 distinctive lobes in a U shape, makes syrup, very valuable, opposite leaves

Red maple

clumped buds, V shape between lobes, turns scarlet in fall, used for dowels/knobs

Striped maple

huge leaves, vertically striped green/brown bark, opposite, moose love to eat it

White ash

odd-pinnately compound (5-7), opposite leaflets, serrate, football-shaped, light and strong wood

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