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25 terms

Tree Identification Quiz

25 Trees
STUDY
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Eastern white pine
clusters of 5; 3-5" soft needles; most valuable for lumber in Maine; grow very tall
Red pine
long needles; clusters of 2; not as soft; flexible, reddish, peeling bark
Tamarack
only deciduous conifer
Black spruce
needles curl up; hairs on twigs have glands
Red spruce
spiky; single needles on wooden stalks
Eastern hemlock
flat needles that occur singly; small, dark green, tapered; papery buds
Balsam fir
Christmas tree; needles are a little longer than the hemlock; parallel sides; sticky buds with small resin pockets; tell age by whorls
Northern white cedar
Used for housing/fencing; resistant to water, rot, and insects; scale-like
Common juniper
very short; very sharp needles, either opposite or whorled; produces black berries in the fall
Quaking aspen
round leaves; flattened petiole causes quivering in wind; very fast growing bark; can photosynthesize well
Bigtooth aspen
has very dentate leaves; orbicular leaves; beavers like it; not good for firewood
Paper birch
peeling bark, really good fire starter, circle-shaped, double-serrate, green and brown buds
Gray birch
triangle-shaped leaves, rots easily, wildlife habitat, double-serrate
Yellow birch
oval-shaped, double-serrate, little hairs on outside of leaf; if you scratch bark of twig it smells like Wintergreen
Speckled alder
speckled gray bark, white spots help tree observer, oxygen, double-serrate, buds are blunt, red, light bulb shaped, deciduous conifer that has cones
White oak
rounded edges, like to grow in deeper, rich soils, produces acorns, valuable wood, not as common as Red oak in ME
Northern red oak
multiple lobes (7-9) that end in a sharp point, used for hardwood floors, redness in bark cracks
American elm
double-serrate; leaves feel like sandpaper
American beech
football-shaped leaves, pinnate venation, hooks on margin, 45 degree angle long and sharp buds, produces beech nuts
American mountain-ash
red berries, odd-pinnately compound, single serrate, leaves cigar-shaped
Black cherry
good for webworms, spear-shaped eliptical/lanceolate leaves, serrate, rusty peach fuzz, very valuable for floors/cupboards
Sugar maple
Canada. 3 distinctive lobes in a U shape, makes syrup, very valuable, opposite leaves
Red maple
clumped buds, V shape between lobes, turns scarlet in fall, used for dowels/knobs
Striped maple
huge leaves, vertically striped green/brown bark, opposite, moose love to eat it
White ash
odd-pinnately compound (5-7), opposite leaflets, serrate, football-shaped, light and strong wood