Create an account
a place may be located by mathematically calculating its location using latitude and longitude
arrangement of objects on Earth's surface in a way in which objects circle another object
products of interactions between humans and their environments; the modification of the natural landscape by human activities
daylight savings time
time in which clock gets pushed forward one hour in the spring in order to allow people to enjoy more sunlight in the afternoon during the warm spring and summer months, especially for people after they get off work. the clock is then set back to the original standard time in the fall.
issue caused by trying to represent a three-dimensional object (the earth) on a two-dimensional surface (a flat map)
Greek scholar in 3rd century B.C.E.; accurately calculated earth's circumference (measured sun's angles at summer solstice [June 21] at 2 points on Nile River: Alexandria and Syene; used geometry based on distance btw the 2 cities and angle of sun at each place)
(uniform regions) an area that has striking similarities in terms of one or a few physical or cultural features
functional (nodal) regions
areas organized around cores or nodes (has a center that directs the movements and characteristics of non-central parts)
(geographic information system) a computer system that captures, stores, analyzes, and displays data (measures position of object on earth & stores in computer along with countless other specific measurements)
the expansion of economic, political, and cultural activities to the point that they reach and have impact on many areas of the world
(global positioning system) uses a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers to determine precise absolute locations on earth
a Greek historian (550-476 B.C.E.); corrected and enlarged Anaximander's map of earth; described countries and inhabitants of world and mapped where they lived
study of where and why human activities are located where they are; focuses on people
an 11th century Arab geographer who worked for the king of Sicily to collect geographical information into a remarkably accurate representation of the world
a German philosopher and geographer who defined geography as the study of inerrelated spatial patterns (the description and explanation of differences and similarities between one region and another)
a type of pattern that runs along straight lines (like rivers, streets, or railroad tracks)
Marsh, George Perkins
a 19th century American geographer (best known for classic work "Man and Nature" published in 1864); focused on impact of human actions on the natural environment; emphasized human destruction of environment
map projection in which parallels and meridians to cross one another at right angles (direction is true but distorts size) (perfect for navigators)
corporations that have centers of operation in many parts of the globe (one reason of economic globalization)
perceptual (vernacular) regions
an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
map projection that focuses on keeping land masses equal in area; shapes are distorted; corrects misconceptions based on Mercator and Robinson projections; first introduced in 1974 by historian and geographer Arno Peters
a specific point on earth with human and physical characteristics that distinguish it from other points
studies why and where natural forces occur where they do; focuses on the natural environment itself
physical site characteristic
include climate, topography, soil, water sources, vegetation, and elevation
line of longitude that runs through the observatory at Greenwich, England at 0 degrees
a Greek scholar who lived five hundred years later than Eratosthenes; recalculated circumference of the earth to be smaller by about 9,000 miles (was wrong but was thought of as true for centuries); developed global grid system that was a forerunner to our modern system of latitude and longitude; "Guide to Geography" included many rough maps of landmasses and bodies of water
the organization of earth's surface into distinct areas that are viewed as different from other areas
map projection in which meridians curve gently; stretches poles into long lines instead of points (distortions greatest at poles); attempts to balance all distortions by making errors in shape, size, distance, and direction (good for general use; often used in classrooms)
an early 20th century geographer from California; shaped field of Human Geography by arguing that cultural landscapes (products of interactions between humans and their environments) should be main focus of geographic study; his methods of landscape analysis provided a lens for interpreting cultural landscapes as directly and indirectly altered over time as a result of human activity; his study is basic to environmental geography
the relationship between the size of an object or distance between objects on a map and the size of the actual object or distance on earth's surface
time based on the position of the sun in the sky as the day progresses (used before time zones)
space time compression
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
the location of places, people, and events, and events, and the connections among places and landscapes
the way places and things are arranged and organized on the surface of the earth
U.S. Census Bureau
used by the government to collect information about the country's inhabitants and compile a census report (info includes age, race, gender, language, education, employment, income, and housing)
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together