16 terms

Gr. 8 Bill of Rights/Amendments

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probable cause
apparent facts that would lead a reasonable person to believe that an accused person has committed a crime.
establishment clause
no law shall establish or favor any one religion over another
free exercise clause
protects the individual's right to freedom of conscience and free expression of religious beliefs
symbolic speech
a form of speech that expresses an idea or emotion without use of words, such as burning a flag or saluting it.
libel
any false and/or malicious written or printed statement
slander
giving a false statement in the presence of another person, damaging to a third person's character or reputation; usually distinguished from libel, which is written
felony
an offense for which a sentence is greater than one year; serious crimes such as murder, rape or burglary
parole
early release from a prison sentence based on good behavior
grand larceny
stealing of property above a certain amount set by each state or district. This is a felony crime.
capital crime
a crime that is serious enough to warrant punishment by the death penalty; first degree murder and treason, for example
petition for Writ of Certiorari
a document which a losing party files with the Supreme Court asking them to review the decision of a lower court
impartial jury
must not have any prior knowledge about the case before sitting for the court trial and they must be chosen from a representative cross section of the community
Grand Jury
a group of citizens wwho look to evidence and see if the person goes to trial or not according to how much evidence is included
indictment
a document stating that the person violated the law
Miranda Warning
when somebody is in custody, they have the right to remain silent; officers have to warn them with the four warnings
due process of law
the person who is being accused has the right to be treated correctly according to the law from the beginning to the end