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Chapter 6 - Plumbing Fixtures and Appliances
Terms in this set (78)
is a receptacle or device that is connected permanently or temporarily to the water distribution system, demands a supply of potable water, and discharges the waste directly or indirectly into the sanitary drainage system.
a plumbing fixture that performs a special function and is controlled and/or energized by motors, heating elements, or pressure- or temperature-sensing elements.
is the water supply and drainage fittings installed on a fixture or appliance to control water flow into a fixture and wastewater flow from the fixture to the sanitary drainage system.
(toilet) is a water-flushed plumbing fixture that receives human liquid and solid waste in a water-containing receptacle and, upon flushing, conveys the waste to a soil pipe.
a ceramic compound fired at high temperature to form a nonporous material with a ceramic glaze fused to the surface.
Floor-Set Water Closet
a water closet installed directly on the floor, and is common in residential construction.
Wall-hung Water Closet
a water closet suspended from the wall on a supporting chair carrier, and is used is commercial construction.
(water surface) is the surface area of the water in the water closet bowl when a flush is completed, and is usually measured in inches of width by length.
the height of water in a water closet bowl, which prevents sewer gases from entering the living area.
the channel that connects a water closet bowl to the outlet.
Siphon Jet Water Closet
a water closet with a siphonic passageway at the rear of the bowl and an integral flush rim and jet.
Blowout Water Closet
is a water closet with a non siphonic passageway at the rear of the bowl and an integral flush rim and jet.
an orifice(opening) at the base of the bowl that directs water into the passageway inlet to help create the siphonic flushing action.
a reservoir that retains a supply of water used to flush one water closet.
Pressure Flush Water Closet
is a water closet in which water is stored in a 1.6 gallon pressure tank before it is discharged to the fixture at a high velocity.
a flush device actuated by direct water pressure to supply a fixed quantity of water for flushing purposes.
a flushometer valve in which a segmented diaphragm within the valve body controls the flushing water by equalizing pressure on both sides of the diaphragm.
a plumbing fixture that receives only liquid body waste and conveys the waste through a trap seal into a sanitary drainage system.
a urinal in which the liquid waste is washed form a trap rather than flushed.
Siphon Jet Urinal
is a wall-hung urinal in which the trap seal is forced from the trap through a large opening at the trap inlet.
is a wall-hung urinal with a nonsiphonic passageway at the rear of the bowl and an integral flush rim and jet.
(wash basin) a plumbing fixture used to wash the hands and face.
a lavatory supported by a stamped steel or cast iron bracket fastened to a backing board installed between wall framing members when the fixture is roughed in.
is a two-piece lavatory with the washbasin resting directly on a pedestal base.
(vanity lavatory) a lavatory installed in an opening of a bathroom or rest room cabinet or countertop, or resting on a cabinet frame.
a lavatory in which the bowl in placed in an opening in the countertop, and the edge of the fixture rest directly on top of the countertop.
a lavatory attached to the underside of a countertop using rim clamps or other proprietary hardware.
is a one-piece washbasin and countertop installed on top of a bathroom or rest room cabinet or supported from wall framing members.
Wrist Blade Handle
is an ADA-compliant faucet handle that does not require tight grasping by the hand or twisting of the wrist to properly operate the faucet.
is a faucet in which the flow of water is shut off by means of a washer that is forced down (compressed) onto its seat, as in a globe valve.
Port Control Faucet
, or single-handle faucet, is a single-handle non compression faucet that contains ports for the hot and cold water supply and a cartridge or ceramic disc that opens and closes the ports as the faucet handle is moved or rotated.
Pop-up Waste Fitting
is a lavatory drain fitting that consists of a brass waste outlet into which a sliding metal or plastic stopper is fitted.
is a combination lavatory fitting that consists of two faucet handles, spout, and pop-up waste fitting lift rod mounted on a raised base.
or bottom-mounted faucet, is a combination lavatory fitting that consists of one or two faucet handles and spout mounted above the lavatory or countertop and pop-up waste fitting lift rod, with the faucet bodies below the fixture.
is a plumbing fixture used to bathe the entire body
is a bathtub with the drain on the right end as a person faces the tub.
is a bathtub with the drain on the left end as a person faces the tub.
or built-in bathtub, is a bathtub permanently attached or built into the walls and floor of the bathroom.
is a bathtub supported by legs and is not permanently attached to the bathroom walls or floor.
is a bathtub that is installed in an enclosure that supports the fixture.
is a plumbing fixture equipped with water and air circulation equipment and used to bathe and massage the entire body.
Overrim bathtub fitting
is a bathtub water supply fitting that consists of a faucet assembly and mixing spout.
Combination Waste and Overflow Fitting
is a bathtub drain fitting that is an outlet for bathtub waste and allows access water to drain from the fixture so that it does not overflow onto the bathroom floor.
Lift waste fitting
is a combination waste and overflow fitting in which a lifting mechanism within the overflow tube is connected by a lever to the stopper in the waste shoe (bathtub drain outlet).
Lift-and-turn waste fitting
is a combination waste and overflow fitting consisting of a stopper with a raised knob at the top that is raised and rotated to allow the fitting to remain in the drain position.
or shower bath, is a plumbing fixture that discharges water from above a person who is bathing.
Pressure Balancing Valve
is an integral temperature-control device that prevents surges of hot and cold water through the use of a sensitive diaphragm within the device.
is an integral temperature-control device that regulates the flow of hot and cold water through the use of a thermostat within the device.
is a plumbing fixture used to bathe the external genitals and posterior parts of the body and also to provide relief for certain heath conditions.
Self-rimming kitchen sink
is a kitchen sink in which the bowl is placed in an opening in the countertop and the edge of the fixture rest directly on top of the countertop.
Undercounter kitchen sink
is a kitchen sink attached to the underside of a counter-top using rim clamps or other proprietary hardware.
is a drain fitting installed in a kitchen sink that consists of a strainer body fitted with a fixed strainer and a removable basket with a rubber stopper.
Continuous Waste Fitting
is a drainage fitting that consists of a section of horizontal drainage pipe and sanitary tee and is used to convey waste from a kitchen sink drain to a common P-trap.
Food Waste Disposer
or garbage disposal, is an electric appliance supplied with water from the kitchen sink faucet, and that grinds food waste into pulp and discharges the pulp into the drainage system.
is an electric plumbing appliance used to wash dishes.
or laundry tub, is a plumbing fixture used for prewashing cloths that is commonly installed in a residential laundry room.
Cloths Washer Outlet Box
is a plastic enclosure that accommodates water supply and waste connections for a cloths washer.
is a cast iron or plastic plumbing fixture set flush with the finished floor and used to receive water drained from the floor and convey it to the drainage system.
is a floor drain installed in commercial kitchens and food markets to indirectly receive waste from food preparation and storage equipment and fixtures.
is a wall-hung plumbing fixture that delivers a stream of drinking water through a nozzle at an upward angle to permit the user of the fixture to conveniently drink from the fountain.
is a wall-hung plumbing appliance that incorporates an electric cooling unit into a drinking fountain to provude cooled drinking water at a desired temperature.
or slop sink, is a high-back sink with a deep basin used for filling and emptying scrub pails, rinsing mops, and disposing of cleaning water.
or mop receptor, is a floor-set basin used for cleaning and other maintenance tasks.
is potable waster that contains excessive amounts of calcium and magnesium.
are individual atoms or groups of atoms that carry an electrical charge
is a plumbing appliance that removes dissolved minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, from water by an ion-exchange process.
is a synthetic resin bead used as the ion-exchange medium in the ion-exchange process.
Cabinet automatic water softener
is a water softener that has a mineral tank within the brine tank.
Two-Tank Automatic water softener
is a water softener that has separate mineral (zeolite) and brine tanks.
is a plumbing appliance that removes sand, sediment, chlorine, lead, and other undesirable elements from water and protects water heaters and other fixtures and appliances from collecting residue.
is a plumbing appliance used to heat water for purposes other than heating a structure.
Gas Water Heater
is a water heater that utilizes heat produced by the combustion of natural or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to heat cold water contained within a storage tank.
Electric Water Heater
is a water heater that utilizes heat produced by the flow of electricity through a resistance wire contained in the heating elements to heat cold water contained within the storage tank.
is an electric heating device that is inserted into the storage tank of an electric water heater and makes direct contact with the water to provide fast and efficient heat transfer to the water.
is water under pressure that is heated above 212 degrees F without becoming steam.
is a water supply system defect in which a loud noise is created when a quick-closing valve, such as a cloths washer valve or ball valve, is suddenly closed.
Water Hammer Arrestor
or shock absorber, is a device installed on water supply pipe near the fixture with the quick-closing valve to control the effects of water hammer.
or rough plumbing, is the installation of all parts of a plumbing system that can be completed prior to the installation of the fixtures.
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