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IT Fundamentals - Operating Systems
CC-BY-SA source: https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/IT_Fundamentals/Operating_Systems
Terms in this set (32)
Provides an interface between the user and the system, coordinates hardware components, provides an environment for software applications to function, monitors system health and functionality, and provides a file structure for data management.
computer operating systems
Windows, OS X, Linux, and Chrome OS.
mobile operating system
An operating system that operates a smartphone, tablet, PDA, or other mobile device.
mobile operating systems
Android, iOS, Windows Phone, and Blackberry.
based on Unix
OS X, Linux, Android, Chrome OS and iOS.
Red Hat, Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and Google's Android.
Computer software with its source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
Computer software licensed under exclusive legal right of the copyright holder with the intent that the licensee is given the right to use the software only under certain conditions, and restricted from other uses, such as modification, sharing, studying, redistribution, or reverse engineering.
A computer architecture that supports integer values to -2,147,483,648 through 2,147,483,647 and memory addresses to 4 GiB (gigabytes or gibibytes).
A computer architecture that supports integer values to over 18 quintillion and memory addresses to 16 EiB (exbibytes).
A mobile operating system (OS) based on the Linux kernel and currently developed by Google.
A proprietary mobile operating system developed by BlackBerry Ltd for its BlackBerry line of smartphone handheld devices.
An operating system based on the Linux kernel and designed by Google to work with web applications and installed applications, initially designed as a pure web thin client operating system.
An attribute conferred to computer software or computing methods and concepts that are implemented and inter-operate on multiple computer platforms.
A computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
distro (Linux distribution)
An operating system made as a collection of software based around the Linux kernel and often around a package management system, typically based on either Red Hat's package manager (rpm and yum) or Debian's package manager (dpkg and apt).
A computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
Hardware or software or both that duplicates the functions of one computer system (the guest) in another computer system (the host), different from the first one, so that the emulated behavior closely resembles the behavior of the real system (the guest).
GUI (graphical user interface)
A type of interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. and distributed exclusively for Apple hardware, including iPods, iPhones, and iPads.
An operating system component that manages input/output requests from software, and translates them into data processing instructions for the central processing unit and other electronic components of a computer.
An old method, technology, computer system, or application program, of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system.
A Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.
A method where multiple tasks, also known as processes, are performed during the same period of time by executing them concurrently rather than sequentially.
A series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. designed to run on Mac computers.
A collection of software tools that automates the process of installing, upgrading, configuring, and removing software packages for a computer's operating system in a consistent manner.
A memory management scheme by which a computer stores and retrieves data from the secondary storage for use in main memory.
An operational mode of CPUs that allows system software to use features such as virtual memory, paging and safe multi-tasking designed to increase an operating system's control over application software.
A memory management technique that is implemented using both hardware and software that maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
A metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
The 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set, supporting 64-bit addressing and processing, and fully backwards compatible with 16-bit and 32-bit x86 code.
A family of backward compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 through 80486 CPUs supporting 16-bit and 32-bit addressing and processing.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IT Fundamentals - Hardware
IT Fundamentals - Peripherals
IT Fundamentals - Installation and Configuration
IT Fundamentals - Applications
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