Terms in this set (58)

Effects: Earthquake with a magnitude of between 9.0 and 9.3 on the Richter caused a 17 meters high wave- a tsunami. Nearly 30000 people were killed or dissapeared. Indonesia: western samatra was devastated, up to 70% of some coastal populations were killed or missing.
Sri Lanka: Coastlines were ravaged with homes, crops and fishing boats destroyed. 400 000 people lost their jobs.
India: Salt water contaminated freshwater sources and destroyed arable land. Most of the island jetties were also destroyed.
Thailand: Islands and tourist resorts were severely hit. The dead included 1700 foreigners form 36 countries.
Responses:
Immediate- Clean water, food, tents, and plastic sheeting arrived as aid. $7 billion was donated worldwide for the affected countries. People in the UK donated £330 million (more than the government). The UN's world food programme provided food aid for more than 1.3 million people.
Longer term- Tsunami warning system- formal warning are now sent to countries throughout the region if there's a tsunami threat. These warnings are then passed on to individuals via radio, television and e-mail. Or by bells, megaphones and loudspeakers attached to mosques.
Restoring mangroves- mangroves act as a natural barrier absorbing wave power and helping to protect coastlines and inland areas from tsunami. After 2004, some projects to restore mangrove were started. The new mangroves will help to increase the protection from future tsunami, and also help to provide a livelihood for people affected by the 2004 tsunami because mangroves are a good breading ground for fish.
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