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ch 16 studyguide

Terms in this set (5)

- vietnam, watergate, and the iranian hostage crisis had made americans feel weak. ronald reagan, a former movie star and governor of california, pledged to make america strong again
- international terrorism worsened in lebanon, beirut, and libya. reagan declared he would not negotiate with terrorists and organized punitive air strikes
- reagan called the soviet union an "evil empire" he wanted to roll communism bak and ensure a free worldd. he sent assistance to anti-communist fighters in Afghanistan, Grenada, and Nicaragua. this became known as the "reagan doctrine"
- the iran-contra affiar: american officals secretly sold arms to iran, which was then engaged in the iran-iraq war, for help in freeing american hostages in lebanon. money secretly received from iran for these arms was then handed over to the anti-communist contras in nicaragua, despite a congressianal ban on us aid to the contras. when the plan was discovered several high-ranking officals resigned, although reagan himself claimed no knoweledge of the deal
- the soviet union was suffering from economic stagnation, corruption, expensive wars, and social problems like alcholism. mikhail gorbachev assumed power in 1985 and attempted reforms. glasnost ("oppeness") allowed people to openly criticize government & suggest change. perestroika ("restructureing") allowed limited free enterpirse to stimulate the economy
- gorbachev withdrew soviet troops from afghanistan
- reagan's plans for the strategic defense initiative, to protect the us against nuclear attack, would have been too expensive for the soviet union to match. reagan & gorbachev met in iceland & agreed to reduce their nuclear arms