37 terms

Test one for art terms

a large prehistoric stone monument
"Philosophical investigation into the nature of beauty and the perception of beauty especially in the arts; the theory of art or artistic taste."""
What do Artists do?
create places for human purpose, create extraordinary versions of ordinary objects, record and commemorate, to give tangible form to the unknown.
a thick and very visible application of paint on a painting surface
Characteristics of Creative People
Sensitivity, Flexibility, Originality, Playfulness, Productivity, Fluency, Analytical Skill, Organizational skill
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events
Selective perception
focusing on the visual information we need for the task at hand and relegation everything else to the background. Our mood influences what we notice and how we interpret it, as does the whole of our prior experiences- the culture we grew up in, relationships we have had, places we have ween, knowledge we have accumulated.
Subjective perception
explains why a work of art may mean different things to different people and how it is that we may return to a favorite work again and again, noticing new aspects of it each time.
Latin for "vanity." It alludes to the biblical book of Ecclesiastes, a meditation on the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness in which we read that in the end,"all is vanity." The title wasn't invented or bestowed by the artist, however. Rather, it is a generic name for a subject that was popular during his lifetime.
What is considered art in 1500?
painting, sculpture, and architecture
what was the 18th century definition of art?
painting, sculpture, and architecture were grouped together with music and poetry as the fine arts on the principle that they were similar kinds of activities-activities that required not just skill but also genius and imagination, and whose results gave pleasure as opposed to being useful.
Folk, naive, or primitive artist
The term outsider has come into common use only recently. Folk. naive, intuitive, primitive, and art brut (french for "raw art") have also been used over the past century to categorize work by nonprofessional artists.
Italian for "pity," pieta is the name for a standard subject in Christian art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after he was taken down from the cross on which he suffered death.
Representational art (first communion)
descriptive forms in art that portray objects from our world of (naturalistic/realistic) experience—resembles the natural world.
Naturalistic art
During the renaissance, a new style of painting emerged in which the illusion of 3d was created on a 2d surface. This created greater depth as realistic looks in paintings and sculptures. This type of art was specific to Western Europe. The underlying idea of perspective was of the new Renaissance world view. These methods were supposed to celebrate the things which people could do.
Abstract art ( seated woman holding a fan)
A trend in painting and sculpture in the twentieth century. It seeks to break away from traditional representation of physical objects. It explores the relationships of forms and colors, whereas more traditional art represents the world in recognizable images.
trompe l'oeil (Duane Hanson Housepainter III) 1984/1988
French, "fools the eye." A form of illusionistic painting that aims to deceive viewers into believing that they are seeing real objects rather than a representation of those objects.
Stylized ( Hathor and Sety, Egypt, c. 1300 B.C.E.)
It's between naturalism and abstraction. Describes representational art that conforms to a present style or set of conventions for depiction the world,
Nonobjective (Kandinsky's Swinging)
art that has no recognizable subject matter
refers to a characteristic or group of characteristics that we recognize as constant, recurring, or coherent. Ex. If you know a person that always wears jeans, boots we identify that as their style. Artist has certain traits they have in common that you can see like distinct brush strokes, distorted and exaggerated forms, and flamelike or writhing passages.
Is the way a work of art looks. It includes all visual aspects of the work that can be isolated and described, such as size, shape, materials, color, and composition.
Is what a work of art is about, its subject matter as interpreted by a viewer.
Subject matter
representational and abstract works, content begins with the objects or events the work depicts
Inoconography (Matisse's Piano Lesson)
literally "describing images," involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subject matter in art. Iconography is an important activity of scholars who study art, and their work helps us understand meanings that we might not be able to see for ourselves.
Installation (Ann Hamilton. Mantle. Installation at the Miami Art Museum.)
In which a space is presented as a work of art that can be entered, explored, experienced, and reflected upon
The Sacred Realm
A world we cannot see except through faith

cannot be seen by our eyes but artists have created images of gods, goddesses, angels, demons---all kinds of spirit beings

Focuses the thoughts of the faithful by giving concrete form to abstract ideas.
Politics and Social Order
How humans create a stable, just, and productive society that can be organized. It establishes freedom, rulers and even figures out how wealth is distributed. Because of politics and social order throughout history it has reflected in our art.
Is derived from the Greek for "image breaking." It was coined to describe one side of a debate that raged for over a century in the Christian empire of Byzantium. , a challenge to or overturning of traditional beliefs, customs, and values, any movement against the religious use of images
Stories and Histories
Artists have often turned to stories for subject matter, especially stories whose roots reach deep into their culture's collective memory.
Looking outward: The here and now
Some art is enough just to look around ourselves and notice what our life is like here, now, in this place, at this time. It has be power to bring you back to the present.
Looking Inward: The Human Experience
Shows us no matter what day in age we are from, what culture, what class or status we are in that we all go through the same experiences in life. Humans are born, pass through childhood, develop into sexual beings and we die. We all "soul search" for purpose in life.
Invention and Fantasy (Hieronymus Bosch: The garden of earthly delights)
Renaissance theorists likened painting to poetry. With words, a poet could conjure an imaginary world and full it with people and events. Painting was even better, for it could bring an imaginary world to life before your eyes.
The Natural World (Spiral Jetty)
Nature and our relationship to it are themes that have often been addressed through art.
Art to Art (Jeff Wall A. Sudden Gust of Wind (after Hokusai)
Art is an activity we have come to pursue for its own sake. Art can be its own theme, with no other purpose than to give visual pleasure or to pose another answer to the ongoing question "what is art?"
where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence
any reaction that occurs automatically without conscious thought or reflection (especially the undirected behavior seen in psychomotor epilepsy)
a person with extensive knowledge, especially of the fine arts; a person of refined taste.