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Elements of Literature

STUDY
PLAY
Plot
The sequence of events in a story.
Exposition
An element of plot. Exposes the reader to characters, setting, and necessary background.
Rising Action
An element of plot during which the main conflict develops and new conflicts are introduced.
Climax
An element of plot. The point at which the major conflict is resolved.
Falling Action
An element of plot. The events after the climax, leading to the resolution.
Resolution
The end of the story. An element of plot.
Conflict
The problem in the story. Person v. Person, person v. self, person v. society, person v. nature, and person v. fate.
Character trait
A quality possessed by a character. For example, honesty or conceit.
Internal character trait
The mind, spirit, and emotions of the character.
External character traits
The physical appearance and abilities of the character.
Theme
The message in the story.
Setting
The time and place in the story.
Round character
A fully developed character capable of change.
Flat character
An undeveloped character, possessing few character traits, incapable if change.
Person v. Self
An internal conflict; within a character's own mind
Person v. Society
The group's values, customs, or structure creates the character's problem.
Person v. Nature
An external conflict; a struggle between a character and natural forces
Person v. Person
The struggle is with another character
Person v. Fate
A character must battle what seems to be his or her destiny.