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when a line has 5 feet in it.


a 14 line lyric poem written with a strict pattern of rhyme and rhythm.

Literary Symbol

combines the literal and abstract.
EX: abstract-dark clouds represent sadness; literal-rain is coming


Adds elements of emotion, attitude, or color. The deeper meaning of a word beyond the dictionary definition. An attitude or a feeling associated with a word, in contrast to the world's denotation.


The strict, literal definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color. The literal or dictionary meaning of a word.


Doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning or intention. An expression that can't be determined from context or may have more than one meaning. The expression of an idea in such a way that more than one meaning is possible.


expressions, word, or phrase that has figurative meaning. In the red, unprofitable; showing a financial loss.

Metrical Poetry

basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in a verse.


2 or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem.


a foot that has 2 syllables, one unstressed followed by one stressed.

Shakespearean AKA English Sonnet

a sonnet form used by Shakespeare and having the rhyme scheme abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Essentially it consists of 3 quatrains and a final couplet.

Lyric Poem

a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.

Dramatic Monologue

a poetic form in which a single character, addressing silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation.

Slant Rhyme

Rhyme in which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllable are identical.

Practical Symbolism

things that are used everyday (Roman Numerals)


a short text honoring a deceased person, strictly speaking that is inscribed on their tombstone or plaque, but also used figuratively.

Literary Symbolism

it's more symbolic than practical. (Dove-peace)


a stanza containing 2 lines.


a stanza containing 4 lines.


a stanza containing 6 lines.


a stanza containing 8 lines.

Petrarchan Sonnet AKA Italian Sonnet

a 14 line poem with a rhyme scheme of abba, abba, cddc, ee.


a movement or procedure with uniform or pattern recurrence of a beat, accent, or the like.


poetic measure; arrangement or words in regularly measured, patterned, or rhythmic lines or verses.


accent or emphasis on syllables in a metrical pattern.

Direct Metaphor

comparison of 2 things without using like or as that directly states something as another.

Implied Metaphor

an indirect metaphor where an implication to the whole is made.

Extended Metaphor

a metaphor which is drawn out beyond the usual word or phrase to extend throughout a stanza or entire poem, usually by using multiple comparisons between the unlike objects or ideas.

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