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the first permanent english settlement


Declaration of Independence

albany plan of union

proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies

battle of saratoga

a battle during the American Revolution (1777)

battle of yorktown

the last battle of the revolution

battles of lexington and concord


boston massacre

conflict between colonists and british soldiers in which four colonists were killed

boston tea party

protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped british tea into boston harbor


refuse to buy

coercive acts

name of the British laws to punish the colonists for staging the Boston Tea Party

common sense

a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation

declaration of independence

the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain

declaratory act

Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.

french and indian war

a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)

george washington

1st President of the United States

intolerable acts

A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British

john adams

2nd President of the United States (1735-1826)

king george III

King of England during the American Revolution


a person who is loyal to their allegiance (especially in times of revolt)


Member of a militia during the American Revolution who could be ready to fight in sixty seconds

patrick henry

a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)


one who loves and defends his or her country

paul revere

American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)

proclamation of 1763

law forbidding english colonists to settle west of the appalachian mountains

quartering act

an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists

samuel adams

American Revolutionary leader and patriot

stamp act

an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents

taxation without representation

the major cause of the American Revolutiontea act thomas jefferson

tea act

tax on tea; made the east india company the only tea company allowed to colonists; reason for Tea Party (1773)

thomas jefferson

3rd President of the United States

thomas paine

author of Common Sense

townshend acts

A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea

treaty of paris

This treaty ended the Seven Years War

unalienable rights

rights that cannot be taken away

benjamin franklin

printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics

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