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American Revolution Terms and Names
Terms in this set (36)
Jamestown was founded
Declaration of Independence
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the homefront. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.
Albany Plan of Union
Proposal by Benjamin Franklin to unite the British colonies; defeated by colonial legislature
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
in 1775 conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary war
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
serving or intended to coerce
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.
French and Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
a person who is loyal to their allegiance (especially in times of revolt)
Member of a militia during the American Revolution who could be ready to fight in sixty seconds
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
A person who supported the colonists during the American Revolution
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
the fourth rule of the Intolerable Acts, colonists had to give British troops food and let them live in their house
Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Taxation Without Representation
Primary grief of the American colonists pre-Revolutionary War. The English Bill of Rights in 1689 set forth that no taxes could be collected without consent of Parliament. SInce the colonists had no representation, they believed that the taxes violated the Rights of Englishmen in the Magna Carta. The complaint was over the decision-making process of taxation without Colonial representation.
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
3rd President of the United States
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea. taxes were low but colonists still objected
Treaty of Paris
This treaty ended the Seven Years War
rights that cannot be taken away
Printer, author, inventor, diplomat, statesman, and Founding Father. One of the few Americans who was highly respected in Europe, primarily due to his discoveries in the field of electricity.
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