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Rumors about a federal prison had circulated for years. Former prisoners claimed that rape, suicide, murder, and mistreatment were all common occurrences. The warden denied the allegations but refused to provide any information about prison conditions.
A newspaper asked permission to inspect the prison and interview the prisoners, but the warden denied the request. The newspaper then asked the federal government for information about the prison. The newspaper asked for a list of inmates and for information about anyone who had died or been injured while in custody. The government refused to provide any information.
The newspaper then did two things. It filed a suit seeking admission to the prison, and it filed a Freedom of Information Act request for information about the prison.
What are the newspaper's rights under the Freedom of Information Act?
The U.S. Department of Transportation requires tire manufacturers to provide tire performance information on the sidewall of a tire to better inform prospective customers as they make purchasing decisions. One very important measure of tire performance is the tread wear index, which indicates the tire's resistance to tread wear compared with a tire graded with a base of 100. A tire with a grade of 200 should last twice as long, on average, as a tire graded with a base of 100. A consumer organization wants to estimate the actual tread wear index of a brand-name of tire that claims "graded 200" on the sidewall of the tire. A random sample of n=18 indicates a sample mean tread wear index of 195.3 and a sample standard deviation of 21.4. Do you think that the consumer organization should accuse the manufacturer of producing tires that do not meet the performance information provided on the sidewall of the tire? Explain.